101 Philosophy Problems
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Does Farmer Field really know his prize cow, Daisy, is in the field? When is an unexpected exam not wholly unexpected? Are all bachelors (really) unmarried? Martin Cohen's 101 Philosophy Problems, Fourth Edition introduces philosophy in an entertaining but informative and stimulating way. Using philosophical puzzles, conundrums and paradoxes he skilfully unwraps some of the mysteries of the subject, from what we know - or think we know - to brainteasing thought experiments about ethics, science and the nature of the mind.
For the Fourth Edition there are many new problems, including Maxwell's Moving Magnets, Einstein Changes Train Times, and Zeno's Paradox of Place; as well as two brand new sections including puzzles such as Lorenz's Waterywheel, and the Battle for Fractal Farm, and perplexing ethical dilemmas. The book has been extensively revised to bring it up to date with new developments in philosophy and society.
With an updated glossary of helpful terms and possible solutions to the problems at the end of the book, 101 Philosophy Problems is essential reading for anyone coming to philosophy for the first time.
friendly nature, underneath his unfriendly behaviour. After all, he has chosen to be unfriendly. But then, later on, he discovers from the chemist that Steve has also been taking spooky hormones to make himself more aggressive. The chemist says it’s a great shame, really, because he used to have such a nice manner, and now he’s really a bit of a monster. However, now Martin thinks his old friend may still be basically a good sort – but his nature has been chemically interfered with. He goes back
put together inadequate information to come to a conclusion. But when it comes to reasoning, even humans rely on one iron distinction – that between what is and what is not. So, if it is impossible to say how many 10p’s make a beggar rich, or how many grains of sand make a sandpit, it is also impossible to say when blue is not green, when an inch is really an inch, and so on. It’s worse than saying all our reasoning relies on approximations – because what are the approximations being compared to?
cabin boy. The name of the unfortunate boy was Richard Parker. On a (slightly) more positive note, there are various true stories such as that of the worried parents during the war, who dialled their daughter to warn her against using the bomb shelter. They dialled the wrong number and got a stranger instead, who was just on their way out. Whilst on the telephone a bomb landed outside, just where the stranger would have been – had it not been for the fortuitous wrong number. Finally, there are
a nap in a hollow, behind a bush, well out of sight of the gate. He also spots a large piece of black and white paper that has got caught in a tree. Daisy is in the field, as Farmer Field thought. But was he right to say that he knew she was? 3 101 Philosophy Problems At this point, does Farmer Field really know it? Problem 3 Protagoras’ problem Euathlos has learned from Protagoras how to be a lawyer, under a very generous arrangement whereby he doesn’t need to pay anything for his tuition
a grammatical ‘subject’, such as ‘Louis XIV’, or ‘hippopotami’, for example, but merely a claim about logical relationships. Something along the lines of: If there is a King of France, then he is bald There is a King of France Therefore, the King of France is bald Russell puts it differently, preferring to put everything into the ‘predicate’: At least one thing is the King of France Discussions At most there is one thing that is the King of France Anything which is the King of France is bald OR