A Companion to the French Revolution
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A Companion to the French Revolution comprises twenty-nine newly-written essays reassessing the origins, development, and impact of this great turning-point in modern history.
- Examines the origins, development and impact of the French Revolution
- Features original contributions from leading historians, including six essays translated from French.
- Presents a wide-ranging overview of current historical debates on the revolution and future directions in scholarship
- Gives equally thorough treatment to both causes and outcomes of the French Revolution
of reform was the creation of a milieu suitable for religious rebellion. As evident at Saint-Marcellin, resistance to the Constitutional Church became formidable thanks to an accommodating venue: the town’s abandoned convent chapel. Yet this was available only because religious orders had been suppressed and their property nationalized before passage of the Civil Constitution. While most scholars today are aware of such conflict, few have speculated on what the crisis of 1791–92 meant for the
(though it would be a grave injustice to imply that his study argued no more than this). The same could be said about the role of the bourgeois or artisanal “actors” in a revolution that was thought to be essentially about class struggle. It is unsurprising that this approach should continue to dominate historical analysis, because History has long been about meaningful generalization, about finding patterns, and about making sense of the past for the present. The very essence of History is a
plaintiffs and defendants to the very nature of the legal and political systems (Maza 1993). The trial briefs connected to salient pre-revolutionary court cases offer one example of the ways in which the ideologies of the Revolution were first articulated in the pre-revolutionary decades around private matters, and especially issues of gender and of family life. The very essence of traditional monarchy was the overlap between what we now call the public and private realms, since the king was
as well have described America. In the United States the problem lay in curtaining war from peace. European newspaper articles from the 1780s about the American republic described a place beset by anarchy, ripe for a military coup, and overrun by an insurrectionary plebe of former soldiers who refused to pay debts or taxes. In 1784, when English papers denounced Washington as a rising dictator (Gazette de Leyde, supplement to 7 December 1784), the comte de Mirabeau (1785), writing from exile in
of the king “surrounded by his subjects like a father amid his children” (Chartier 1991: 111) or gazing “tenderly” upon the deputies “as his cherished children” (Ménard de la Groye 1989: 21–22) as little more than hyperbole or empty convention, I would argue that such expressions reflect the deeply significant quasi-parental role played by the monarch as an “internal object” in the inner psychological world of his subjects (Garland 1998: 9–10). For the French people and, in particular, for the