American Civil War Guerrilla Tactics (Elite)
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Osprey's examination of guerilla tactics employed during the American Civil War (1861-1865). While the giant armies of the Union and the Confederacy were fighting over cities and strategic strongholds, a large number of warriors from both sides were fighting, smaller, more personal battles. Beginning with the violent struggle known as "Bleeding Kansas," armed bands of irregular fighters began to wage war in every corner of the United States. Many of the names of their commanders have become legendary, including William Quantrill, "Bloody Bill" Anderson, and John S. Mosby, "The Grey Ghost." To their own people they were heroes; to others they were the first of a new generation of wild west outlaw. Their tactics including robbing banks and trains, kidnapping soldiers and civilians, rustling cattle, and cutting telegraph lines. In fact, it is during the violence of the war that many of America's future outlaw legends would be born, most notably Cole Younger and Frank and Jesse James. In this book, new Osprey author Sean McLachlan explores the varied and often daring tactics employed by these famous warriors.
EMBLETON Ý±²-«´¬¿²¬ »¼·¬±® Ó¿®¬·² É·²¼®±© First published in Great Britain in 2009 by Osprey Publishing, Midland House, West Way, Botley, Oxford 0X2 OPH, UK 443 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10016, USA Email: email@example.com © 2009 Osprey Publishing Ltd. All rights reserved. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, no part of this publication may be reproduced, stored
firstname.lastname@example.org ©©©ò±-°®»§°«¾´·-¸·²¹ò½±³ DEDICATION This book is dedicated to Almudena, my wife, and Julian, my son ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The author wishes to thank the following for their generous assistance: Rex Dixon and Caitlin Lenon for their hospitality; the Kneighborhood Knights for chess and conversation; Ed Bailey for recounting his experience firing black powder weapons; the staffs of the State Historical Society of Missouri, Kansas State Historical Society, and
they indulged in a drunken orgy of looting and killing that left nearly 200 men and boys dead in the streets and much of the town in flames. In response to this worst atrocity against civilians in the Civil War, four days later BrigGen Thomas Ewing issued General Order No. 11; this removed virtually the entire population from three western Missouri counties and a portion of another. Union troops in charge of this mass eviction, including Jennison's Redlegs, took the opportunity to pillage and
about 450 guerrillas across the border from western Missouri to Lawrence, Kansas, a center for abolitionism and home to Jayhawker leader Jim Lane. They used captive local farmers as guides; when each guide got past their area of familiarity they shot him and kidnapped another. After working their way through ten guides, the guerrillas galloped into Lawrence in the morning, finding the local Union garrison absent. They proceeded to sack and burn the town, and killed about 200 men and boys (though
Abel Streight led 1,700 men into Alabama; these raiders were poorly supplied, riding mules rather than horses, but they got deep into the state, destroying infrastructure and trying to arouse the Unionist population in the northern hills. Forrest hunted Streight's command down, trapped them and forced them to surrender, but the exhausting chase wore down his mounts and kept him from raiding for the rest of that spring. His victory also earned him a promotion that attached him to the regular army.