An Approach to Political Philosophy: Locke in Contexts (Ideas in Context)
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An Approach to Political Philosophy: Locke in Contexts brings together Professor Tully's most important and innovative statements on Locke in a systematic treatment of the latter's thought that is at once contextual and critical. Each essay has been rewritten and expanded for this volume, and each seeks to understand a theme of Locke's political philosophy by interpreting it in light of the complex contexts of early modern European political thought and practice. These historical studies are then used in a variety of ways to gain critical perspectives on the assumptions underlying current debates in political philosophy and the history of political thought. The themes treated include government, toleration, discipline, property, aboriginal rights, individualism, power, labor, self-ownership, community, progress, liberty, participation, and revolution.
permanent feature of liberalism and capitalism, held in counterpoise by the continual exercise of rights against abuses of power. Chapter 8, written to mark the two-hundredth anniversary of the French Revolution, places Locke's conception of reform, and the cognate concept of progress, in the broader perspective of views of progress, reform and scepticism from the seventeenth century to the present. Locke's writings on liberty are analysed in the last two chapters. Section I of chapter 9 presents
Richard Tuck, Natural rights theories, 58-174; Knud Haakonseen, 'Hugo Grotius and the history of political thought', Political Theory, 13 (1985) 239-65; Stephen Buckle, The natural history of property. David Johnston, The rhetoric of Leviathan (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1986); Deborah Baumgold, Hobbes }spolitical theory (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987); Richard Tuck, Hobbes (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989); S. A. Lloyd, Mind over matter: Hobbes's political
to treaty with the native nations within its sphere of influence to the exclusion of other European nations. It did not justify the assertion of sovereignty over the native nations or even the claim to establish co-sovereignty or trading arrangements with them. These relations with the ancient nations of America require a second step.18 One answer to this further justificatory step was to ignore the Amerindians and to characterize America as terra nullius, a vacant land (a condition the principle
customs and their ways. The other, a ship, will be for the white people and their laws, their customs, and their ways. We shall travel together, side by side, but in our own boat. Neither of us will try to steer the other's vessel. This view is the basis of all treaties the First Nations made with European governments and their descendants. A prevalent rival view was that sovereignty resides wholly in a European Crown to which Amerindians are subject. Amerindians have natural rights only to their
Following Blackstone's interpretation of Locke, Wharton holds that Locke's labour criterion is met by occupation alone; an act of occupation being a degree of bodily labour.65 The Two treatises is thus used to defend aboriginal property rights in order to validate English property in America based on consent by individual treatises with Indian sachems, in competition and contradiction with the use of the Two treatises by Bulkley and others to deny aboriginal property rights in order to validate