Analyzing Politics: An Introduction to Political Science
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ANALYZING POLITICS is a comprehensive examination of the field of political science. Taking a comparative approach, it examines a variety of subfields of political science, including methods, political theory, comparative politics, international relations, and U.S. politics. Exhaustive in its coverage of the material, ANALYZING POLITICS employs an extensive collection of boxes, tables, charts, graphs, photos, and cartoons to hold the reader's attention.
informing the individuals in question; and (3) direct governmental authorities to enter and search private property. With respect to governmental surveillance of personal records, for example, Section 215 of the Patriot Act allows the FBI to obtain the library records of individuals, and library officials are required to keep such seizures secret.51 How is this possible under the conditions of protective democracy? If one looks to legal history, one finds that the Bill of Rights has never been
used to confuse and mislead. Such instances raise the specter of polls being devised to produce whatever results the pollster wants and then passed off as what the public wants. Thus, critics fear that polls could subvert the democratic process. If surveys are used in a manipulative way, how can we tell the difference between what the people truly want and what the bogus poll results say they want? ‘‘The wishes of the peoplet’’ are a commodity that can be manufactured by anyone who can hire the
State University. My most enduring thanks go to Tracie Bartlett. 1 U Introduction C onsider how differently you might view your life, your goals, and your attitudes about politics if you could be transported across the boundaries of identity, gender, nationality, age, and/or economic status. Imagine for a moment that you reside in Cairo’s City of the Dead, a sprawling, crowded cemetery in which tombs are intersected by satellite dishes. The City of the Dead has become home to many of Cairo’s
opportunities? Can equality become a basis for oppression? From Aristotle to Vonnegut, we see writers struggling with these questions. As you consider this ethical dimension of politics, think about which arguments you find most compelling. Is equality humane if it is viewed as equal consideration of all interests (Aristotle) but not if equality is imposed on people as a means of denying them the use of their individual talents (Vonnegut)? Is equality of results (Aristotle) more important than
conservatism—classical liberal conservatism. Classical liberal conservatives argue for small government and thriving capitalism. However, a second group of conservatives draw their ideas from the eighteenth-century teachings of Edmund Burke. These Burkean conservatives are called traditional conservatives, and their ideology differs dramatically from that of the classical liberal conservatives. Traditional Conservativism British philosopher Edmund Burke (1729–1797) was both a scholar and a