Biosecurity and Bioterrorism: Containing and Preventing Biological Threats (Butterworth-Heinemann Homeland Security)
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Biosecurity and Bioterrorism is the first book to take a holistic approach to biosecurity with coverage of pathogens, prevention and response methodology. The book is organized into four thematic sections: Part I provides a conceptual understanding of biowarfare, bioterrorism and the laws we have to counteract this; Part II investigates known bioagents and the threat from emerging diseases; Part III focuses on agricultural terrorism and food security; Part IV outlines international, US, and local initiatives for biodefense and biosecurity. Case studies illustrate biodefense against both intentional terrorism and natural outbreaks.
The authors bring an extraordinary combination of experience in academia and the clinical world, as well as real-world experience in technical and practical matters, to their writing. They make technical material clear and fascinating for readers with a basic knowledge of biology. Ryan and Glarum address the hazards in the context of vulnerability assessments and the planning strategies government and industry can take to prepare for and respond to such events.
* How are these agents used in biowarfare?
* How likely are we to face either a natural outbreak or intentional human/animal infection?
* How can we prepare for this effectively?
borders with Canada or Mexico) to provide resources to enforce the quarantine. Reimbursement formulas for this activity are set out in a cooperative agreement between the states and USDA. The federal quarantine is maintained until the disease is either eradicated or until such time as an effective control area smaller than a whole state is implemented. Generally, state quarantines are placed on individual herds, flocks, or premises when an FAD is suspected. (i.e., under the Animal Health
feeding take up the virus from infected birds and pass them along to other animals. Reservoir competency and field studies suggest that horses or other mammals do not serve as reservoirs for infection, which make them incidental hosts (McLean et al., 2001). Critical Thinking West Nile fever burned like a slow-moving wildfire across the United States from New York City to the California coastline in approximately four years. Clinicians, public health officials, mosquito control specialists, and
performed under fluoroscopic guidance within hours after presentation at the hospital and yielded cloudy cerebrospinal fluid. The patient was admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of meningitis. After a single dose of cefotaxime (a broad-spectrum cephalosporin) he was started on multiple antibiotics. A short time later, he had generalized seizures and was intubated for airway protection. The next day a new array of antibiotics was initiated, replacing those previously prescribed. He remained
case patients. Unfortunately, this diagnosis came too late to prevent the exposure to the health-care workers. No single meal or food item was identified that readily explained this outbreak. Several items and meals taken as a whole were statistically associated with illness, but 150 CASE STUDIES they “explained” relatively few cases. Knowing that this was Norwalk, with a typical median incubation of 30–36 hours, suspicion rested on the lunch meals on the Calliope deck Sunday through
primary requests of us: first, to mass produce anthrax spores so that they could be placed in bomblets and stored for later deployment against the Germans in retaliation for any future strike; secondy, the British supplied us with the recipe to make botulinum toxin and wanted to see if we could mass produce it. Naturally, the entire program was wrapped in a cloak of secrecy. Figure 1-2 is a collage of some important facilities built at Camp Detrick to produce and test bioweapons formulations. The