Bosworth 1485: The Battle that Transformed England
Michael K. Jones
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A lively and authoritative reinterpretation of the Battle of Bosworth Field, where the Wars of the Roses ended and the Tudor dynasty began.
On August 22, 1485, at Bosworth Field, Richard III fell, the Wars of the Roses ended, and the Tudor dynasty began. The clash is so significant because it marks the break between medieval and modern; yet how much do we really know about this historical landmark?
Michael Jones uses archival discoveries to show that Richard III's defeat was by no means inevitable and was achieved only through extraordinary chance. He relocates the battle away from the site recognized for more than 500 years. With startling detail of Henry Tudor's reliance on French mercenaries, plus a new account of the battle itself, the author turns Shakespeare on its head, painting an entirely fresh picture of the dramatic life and death of Richard III, England's most infamous monarch.
8 pages of B&W illustrations
utterances carried enough plausibility for him to be chosen protector by the council at a meeting on 10 May. At this stage it still appeared that Richard was fulfilling his brother’s intentions for the governance of the realm. But for the house of York a far greater principle was at stake: that if Edward IV’s designated successor were crowned, the rights of a bastard line would be confirmed on the throne of England. A high-level meeting had taken place at Baynard’s Castle, Cecily’s London
his bastard son, Arthur. Cecily summoned Lucy before her and put her under considerable pressure to admit that some form of matrimonial ceremony had taken place. Lucy refused to be intimidated and denied that this had happened. More is uncertain of the chronology of this, and puts it in 1464, at the time the Woodville marriage was first announced. But this makes little sense. Faced with the bombshell that her son had married an Englishwoman of relatively humble status, it would be pointless
vanquished opponent does not sit easily with Tudor’s image as redeemer and reconciler of the nation. Shortly afterwards Richard was buried hastily at the Franciscan house of the Grey Friars, Leicester, and ten years later a simple tomb was erected. If a king was killed in the course of dynastic change, there were important precedents for an honourable treatment of his remains by those who supplanted him. Richard II was reburied in the more dignified and appropriate surrounds of Westminster Abbey
his brother Edward, was disturbing and could never quite be overcome. This might account for the mutilation of Richard’s body after his death, as an impulse to eradicate this unsettling likeness. The subsequent and increasingly vicious distortion of both Richard’s character and physical appearance may also have at its root the fear of this resemblance and everything it signified. The vexed questions of resemblance arose in a different guise upon the accession of Henry VIII, for he bore an
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