Closing the Rights Gap: From Human Rights to Social Transformation
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Geneva. Moyo, Sam, and Paris Yeros. 2005. Reclaiming the Land: The Resurgence of Rural Movements in Africa, Asia and Latin America. London: Zed. Nelson, Paul J., and Ellen Dorsey. 2003. “At the Nexus of Human Rights and Development: New Methods and Strategies of Global NGOs.” World Development 31(12):2013–26. ———. 2008. New Rights Advocacy: Changing Strategies of Development and Human Rights NGOs. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press. Nussbaum, Martha C. 2000. Women and Human
campaigns—processes to provide citizens with information about government plans, projects, laws, activities, services, and so on. A variety of approaches can be used, such as public meetings, mass media, printed materials, public performances, and information kiosks. Participatory budgeting—a process through which citizens participate directly in budget formulation, decision making, and monitoring of budget execution. It creates a channel for citizens to give voice to their budget priorities.
Index. The chapter concludes by briefly discussing how the SERF Index can be used and adapted to foster social transformation by highlighting specific examples flowing out of this volume. THE NEED FOR A NEW INDEX Until recently, economic, social, and cultural rights have commanded less attention than civil and political rights, though the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations 1948) does not prioritize civil and political rights over economic, social, and cultural rights, and
the worse its respect for ESR. We examined the 131 developing economies that existed as independent states from 1981 to 2007. Following Milner, Poe, and Leblang (1999), Milner et al. (2004), Moon and Dixon (1985), and Callaway and Harrelson-Stephens (2004), we used Morris’s (1979) physical quality of life index (PQLI) and its individual components as our measures of ESR outcomes. The PQLI is a composite of three indicators: infant mortality per thousand live births, life expectancy at age one,
that would have separated him from his two young American-born children and his wife. Edmer, a Mexican citizen, had lived in the United States for thirteen years and had had steady employment as an agricultural worker before being apprehended for driving under the influence of alcohol. The court considered the convention as if it had attained the status of “customary international law,” thus bypassing the failure of the United States to ratify. The court nevertheless decided against