Continental Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
In this enlightening new Very Short Introduction, Simon Critchley shows us that Continental philosophy encompasses a distinct set of philosophical traditions and practices, with a compelling range of problems all too often ignored by the analytic tradition. He discusses the ideas and approaches of philosophers such as Kant, Hegel, Nietzsche, Husserl, Heidegger, Sartre, Habermas, Foucault, and Derrida. He also introduces key concepts such as existentialism, nihilism, and phenomonology, by explaining their place in the Continental tradition.
The perfect guide for anyone interested in the great philosophers, this volume explains in lucid, straightforward language the split between Continental and Anglo-American philosophy and the importance of acknowledging Continental philosophy.
About the Series: Combining authority with wit, accessibility, and style, Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics. Written by experts for the newcomer, they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics, from philosophy to Freud, quantum theory to Islam.
on the English cultural divide between empiricist and speculative habits of thought, which plays out in the antagonism between the romanticism of Samuel Taylor Coleridge and the utilitarianism of Jeremy Bentham. In Continental Philosophy conclusion, I turn to other, more recent expressions of the conﬂict between the two cultures. In Chapter 4 I try to lay out what is distinctive and compelling about Continental philosophy in a more systematic manner. After making some remarks on how one may
he claims that this is the function of anxiety, in German Angst. But surely one is always anxious about this or that: exams, a pathological fear of spiders, rats, or whatever. No, Heidegger insists, such speciﬁc anxiety is best called fear. When the cause – spiders, rats, exams – is removed, the fear disappears. Heidegger’s point about anxiety is that it subsists and insists prior to all Continental Philosophy fear, like some uncanny background noise in one’s existence. Anxiety is not, then,
Cambridge, 1995) Jean-Paul Sartre, Being and Nothingness, trans. Hazel Barnes (Routledge, London, 1958) Fyodor Dostoevsky, The Devils, trans. D. Magurshak (Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1971) Dostoevsky, The Diary of a Writer, trans. B. Brasol (George Braziller, New York, 1954) Chapter 3 David E. Cooper, ‘Modern European Philosophy’, in The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy (Blackwell, Oxford, 1996) Bernard Williams, ‘Contemporary Philosophy: A Second Look’, in The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy
as such expresses a human purpose, and therefore that knowledge of nature would be part and parcel of what it means to be human. This is what is called the ‘teleological view of the universe’, where each natural thing can be explained in terms of what Aristotle called its ﬁnal cause, that goal for the sake of which a thing is the way it is. Such a view allowed for a 7 The Gap between Knowledge and Wisdom esotericism: astrology, yoga, sitting under pyramids holding crystals, felicitous unity
Nietzsche, Freud, Bergson) (Husserl, Max Scheler, Karl Jaspers, Heidegger) 4 French phenomenology, Hegelianism, and anti-Hegelianism (Kojève, Sartre, Merleau-Ponty, Levinas, Bataille, de Beauvoir) 5 Hermeneutics (Dilthey, Gadamer, Ricoeur) 6 Western Marxism and the Frankfurt School (Lukacs, Benjamin, Horkheimer, Adorno, Marcuse, Habermas) 7 French structuralism (Lévi-Strauss, Lacan, Althusser), poststructuralism (Foucault, Derrida, Deleuze), post-modernism (Lyotard, Baudrillard), and