Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare (Companion)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Through history armies of occupation and civil power have been repeatedly faced with the challenges of insurgency. US involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan has highlighted this form of conflict in the modern world. Armies, sometimes reluctantly, have had to adopt new doctrines and tactics to deal with the problems of insurgency and diverse counterinsurgency strategies have been developed. These have ranged from conventional military operations to a combination of military and political strategy including propaganda, Psy-Ops, and other approaches.
In Counterinsurgency in Modern Warfare 13 contributors examine developments in counterinsurgency from the early 20th century to the present. Each author, an expert in his field, discusses in depth the conduct and outcomes of operations across the globe, including the Arab-Israeli conflict, Afghanistan and Iraq, and draws out the lessons to be learned from them.
This book is a timely, serious yet accessible survey of a critical facet of modern warfare and present-day global conflict.
1. British Aid to the Civil Power: Ireland 1916-21 to Palestine 1948
2. US Operations in the Philippines 1898-1948
3. The Banana Wars
4. German Partisan Operations 1939-45
5. French Operations from Indo-China to Algeria: 1945-63
6. British COIN in Malaya 1948-60
7. US Operations in Vietnam
8. British Operations in Aden
9. British Operations in Northern Ireland
10. The Rhodesian Experience
11. Israeli Operations
12. Operations in Afghanistan
13. US and British Operations in Iraq
brutality if necessary.9 Its tactics were condemned by the MNA leader Messali Hadj as “adventurist” when not suicidal, immoral, and a disservice to the cause of Algerian nationalism.10 Even the Parti communiste Algérien, which habitually extolled armed resistance as a vehicle of social progress in occupied France, China, Indochina, and Madagascar, found the home-grown version little to their liking.11 Only gradually did the FLN evolve a political-administrative structure called the nizam; a
layouts4.qxd 22/11/07 14:43 Page 106 COUNTERINSURGENCY IN MODERN WARFARE his reading of Mao and his analysis of intelligence reports on the Viet Minh, Lacheroy concluded that the success of the Communists in Indochina lay in their use of propaganda and psychological action, and in their ability to create parallel hierarchies to control the population. Lacheroy’s theories fell like a conversion experience on a generation of professional officers humiliated by France’s defeats in 1940 and 1954,
Walt, commander of the III Marine Amphibious Force (MAF) from mid-1965 onward, applied an approach heavily tinted by the Marine Corps’ organizational culture, a culture born out of a long history of fighting small wars. Walt established a coordinating council composed of the regional civilian agency heads, ARVN and US military commanders, and a Vietnamese government representative. He also integrated Marine rifle squads into Vietnamese Regional Forces platoons. These “Combined Action Platoons”
MODERN WARFARE The early 1960s was the time when cheap transistor radios first became available. This new medium was used to great effect by Nasser, who promoted his nationalist message over the airwaves via the Egyptian wireless station, “Voice of the Arabs.” This message reached all parts of South Arabia, so that even the most primitive and isolated tribesman now had access to anti-British propaganda. The Radfan again became the focus of dissident attacks and in April 1964, the British High
but the porous northern border between the Radfan and Yemen had never allowed them to draw out the full complement of rebels to engage in direct, sustained combat. In the township of Aden, street-fighting skills were honed that would be useful in Northern Ireland, as were lessons in the siting of observation posts, resupply by helicopter, and the use of armored vehicles in riot control. But given that there was little appetite on the part of successive British governments, particularly the Wilson