Discovering Imperialism: Social Democracy to World War I (Historical Materialism Book)
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Tsar Nicholas II to establish an alliance of feudal-monarchic states on the European continent. Trotsky rejected the distinction between wars of defence and aggression as a valid criterion for determining the position of socialist parties in the conﬂict, quoting extensively from Kautsky’s ‘splendid’ answer to Bebel at Essen. Trotsky 1918a, p. 151. 257. Trotsky 1918a, pp. 21–3. In this volume, we have included Trotsky’s ‘The Nation and the Economy’ (July 1915), which developed these ideas further
culturally and racially inferior groups on the periphery of civilisation, Lenin believed national wars were inevitable in the colonies and would be both ‘progressive and revolutionary’ in throwing off the domination of capitalist countries.263 In his own theses on ‘The Socialist Revolution and the Right of Nations to Self-Determination’, at the beginning of 1916 Lenin recast revolution in global terms. As a world system, capitalism had spread its contradictions to include all peoples and nations.
the earth. Our trade, the employment of our people, our very existence, depend upon it. We cannot occupy an insular position, and we cannot occupy ourselves entirely with domestic matters – (hear, hear) – and therefore foreign affairs and colonial affairs will continue, as long as our country exists, to be the greatest and the pre-eminent interest to the people of the United Kingdom.13 Chamberlain warned the workers not to let themselves be led by the Little Englanders, who stigmatise as
which lasted only two years (1896–8), was issued by the Rainbow Circle, a group of ‘New Liberals’ of which Hobson was a founding member. After the outbreak of the Boer War, the Circle’s members divided into those who favoured imperialism and the ‘antiimperialists’ or ‘pro-Boers’.40 The latter upheld the radical traditions of the industrial northern counties and regarded London financiers as appendages 36. Bax 1988a, p. 62. 37. Bax 1988a, p. 63. Bax summarised his ideas in a contribution to Die
trade-unionism to raise domestic wages, and redistribution through progressive taxation of unearned incomes. The outbreak of the South-African War offered Hobson the opportunity to study the workings of the colonial system at first hand. In the summer of 1899, he went to South Africa as special correspondent of the Manchester Guardian. After the journey, he published a book called The War in South Africa, which now injected a further variant of racism. Hobson described the conﬂict in South Africa