Doctors: The Biography of Medicine
Sherwin B. Nuland
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How does medical science advance? Popular historians would have us believe that a few heroic individuals, possessing superhuman talents, lead an unselfish quest to better the human condition. But as renowned Yale surgeon and medical historian Sherwin B. Nuland shows in this brilliant collection of linked life portraits, the theory bears little resemblance to the truth.
Through the centuries, the men and women Who have shaped the world of medicine have been not only very human people but also very much the products of their own times and places. Presenting compelling studies of great medical innovators and pioneers, Doctors gives us the extraordinary story of the development of modern medicine -- told through the lives of the physician-scientists whose deeds and determination paved the way. Ranging from the legendary Father of Medicine, Hippocrates, to Andreas Vesalius, whose Renaissance masterwork on anatomy offered invaluable new insight into the human body, to Helen Taussig, founder of pediatric cardiology and co-inventor of the original "blue baby" operation, here is a volume filled with the spirit of ideas and the thrill of discovery. Says The New York Times, "Doctors can be warmly recommended. Dr. Nuland succeeds in bringing his subjects vividly to life, and he leaves you with a much better understanding of what they achieved."
Sciences, of which Everett was then vice-president. Jackson saw in this an opportunity to legitimize his claims in what was then the outstanding American scientific body. He wrote his presentation in such a way that it not only proclaimed him as the inventor of anesthesia, but implied that he made this claim with the support of Everett and Warren and with the official sanction of the academy. He sent copies across the sea to Paris, and also to the aptly named Boston Daily Advertiser, which
lesser scale of malice, that bogus belief has excluded some of the nation’s greatest figures from being accepted as full members in the community of German-speaking peoples. Part of the mythology that follows from the belief in an unadulterated Volk is the mischievous proposition that no one can be a German in the cultural sense unless he is also a German in the sense of stainless biology. The next malicious step from such an absurdity is to impugn the patriotism of everyone whose physical
in the two countries. He used the same criteria to evaluate each one: entrance requirements, size and training of faculty, financial condition of the school, quality of the laboratories, and the relationship between each school and the hospital in which its students and teachers worked. He was appalled at what he found. Even the better schools were none too good. Standards for admission were low, faculty were inadequately trained, most schools were privately owned purse-lining enterprises of
postoperative weeks or months, a brief period of increased steroid dose will often prevent the catastrophe from occurring. Cyclosporine, first noted in 1974 to have immunosuppressive qualities, has been in general use since 1983, and has rapidly become the major drug utilized in transplantation. Unlike azathioprine, it does not depress the activity of bone marrow, and is therefore much less likely to leave the patient exposed to the danger of sepsis. Moreover, it seems to have less of a
continent of Europe. The foregoing implies the existence of a certain freedom of thought and universality of citizenship, but this was not generally the case. For one thing, university teaching was usually under the control of the ecclesiastical authorities; it was further hampered by the various religious wars and intolerances of the time, as well as by territorial conflicts. But the situation was different in Italy. There, the Venetian Republic, recognizing that its economic power rested on