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The single comprehensive treatment of the field, from the leading members of the Society of Ethnobiology
The field of ethnobiology—the study of relationships between particular ethnic groups and their native plants and animals—has grown very rapidly in recent years, spawning numerous subfields. Ethnobiological research has produced a wide range of medicines, natural products, and new crops, as well as striking insights into human cognition, language, and environmental management behavior from prehistory to the present.
This is the single authoritative source on ethnobiology, covering all aspects of the field as it is currently defined. Featuring contributions from experienced scholars and sanctioned by the Society of Ethnobiology, this concise, readable volume provides extensive coverage of ethical issues and practices as well as archaeological, ethnological, and linguistic approaches.
Emphasizing basic principles and methodology, this unique textbook offers a balanced treatment of all the major subfields within ethnobiology, allowing students to begin guided research in any related area—from archaeoethnozoology to ethnomycology to agroecology. Each chapter includes a basic introduction to each topic, is written by a leading specialist in the specific area addressed, and comes with a full bibliography citing major works in the area. All chapters cover recent research, and many are new in approach; most chapters present unpublished or very recently published new research. Featured are clear, distinctive treatments of areas such as ethnozoology, linguistic ethnobiology, traditional education, ethnoecology, and indigenous perspectives. Methodology and ethical action are also covered up to current practice.
Ethnobiology is a specialized textbook for advanced undergraduates and graduate students; it is suitable for advanced-level ethnobotany, ethnobiology, cultural and political ecology, and archaeologically related courses. Research institutes will also find this work valuable, as will any reader with an interest in ethnobiological fields.
Forest. New York: Penguin; 1993. PRANCE GT, BALE´E W, BOOM BM, CARNEIRO RL. Quantitative ethnobotany and the case for conservation in Amazonia. Conserv Biol 1987;1:296 –310. QUAVE C, PIERONI A. Traditional health care and food and medicinal plant use among historic Albanian migrants and Italians in Lucania, Southern Italy. In: PIERONI A, VANDEBROEK I, editors. Traveling cultures and plants: the ethnobiology and ethnopharmacy of human migrations. New York: Berghahn Books; 2007. p 204 –226. QUINLAN
Piperno 2008; Piperno and Dillehay 2008). Foods with starchy subterranean storage organs (roots, rhizomes, corms, tubers) that have scant macroremains or are not phytolith producers may be identiﬁable by starch. Calculus and artifact studies provide evidence that past diets were often broader than have been envisioned from other indicators (Piperno 2009). While much starch research has focused on domesticated plants, many wild plants produce diagnostic starch and hold potential for identifying
Native peoples poses challenges to applied anthropology. Anthropologists are needed by tribal people but not to implement an externally conceived program of action. The Indigenous people have their own perceived needs and want ethnobiologists to assist them in achieving their goals. These may include reclaiming tribal land, protecting water quality, halting logging, or stopping mining. They may want help in initiating ecotourism or creating archaeological parks. CONCLUSION The subjects of
expected beneﬁt, and ensuring participants can withdraw from a study without consequence. These core principles have been elaborated on and expanded over the last couple of decades and are still embodied in contemporary History of Research Ethics as Related to Ethnobiology 31 ethical standards for all research involving humans in north America, including the Belmont Report: Ethical Principles and Guidelines for the Protection of Human Subjects of Research in the United States (National
and eventual analysis. The basic analytical unit for all subsequent inferences is the NISP (Number of Identiﬁed Specimens) of animal taxa that is relevant to inferences about prehistoric consumption. However, different values of NISP can vary for reasons that are unrelated to inferences about subsistence. These differences may be due to factors associated with speciﬁc animals or skeletal elements, and are often strongly affected by fragmentation, differential preservation, and techniques of ﬁeld