First Aid for the Pediatric Boards, Second Edition (First Aid Specialty Boards)
Wilbur Lam, Shervin Rabizadeh, Alan Schroeder, Kimberly Vera
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Apply the proven First Aid formula for exam success!
"This review is intended for residents and pediatric practitioners, but it also would be useful for medical students on pediatrics rotations. The book covers all topics in pediatrics. Genetics, nephrology, and neonatology are covered well, as is gastroenterology. It uses charts and tables for high-yield and intense studying. 3 Stars."--Doody's Review Service
This is the new edition of the physician-to-physician, step-by-step guide to passing the pediatrics board exam. Written by veteran First Aid editor Tao Le and a team of former residents from Johns Hopkins University who recently took the exam, this book covers what to expect on the exam, how to register and succeed, and must-know high-yield facts. Features new to this edition include a full-color photo insert and mini-cases that frame clinical discussions for better retention. The summary of high-yield facts make it the ideal last minute review book.
- Easy-to-remember summaries of the most frequently tested topics
- Hundreds of high-yield algorithms, clinical images, tables, and illustrations
- Margin notes reinforce must-know information
- Mnemonics and clinical pearls make learning and memorization fast, fun, and easy
- Mini-cases highlight commonly tested patient presentations and scenarios
- 12 pages of full-color images
- Resident-tested tips on how to register, prepare for, and ace the exam
- Completely revised based on reader feedback -- so you know you are studying the most up-to-date and relevant material possible
- A true "insider's guide" for in-service, boards, and recertification!
Complete coverage of all the must know topics:
Introduction to the Pediatric Boards, Adolescent/Gynecology/Genital, Allergy/Immunology/Rheumatology, Cardiology, Dermatology, Emergency/Critical Care, Endocrinology, GI/Nutrition; Growth, Development, and Behavior; Hematology/Oncology, Human Genetics and Development, Infectious Diseases, Muskuloskeletal, Neonatology, Neurology, Preventive Pediatrics and Ethics, Pulmonology, Renal/Urinary Tract
Table 10-10 distinguishes vWD from hemophilia A. DIAGNOSIS ↑ or normal PTT, normal PT, ↑ bleeding time, normal platelet count, ↓ vWF activity (ristocetin cofactor). Types 1 and 3: ↓ factor VIII; ↓ vWF level. Type 2: Normal factor VIII; normal vWF level. TREATMENT DDAVP for types 1 and 2; vWF-enriched concentrate; aminocaproic acid to stabilize clots. * * * A 15-year-old girl develops a DVT after being immobilized after surgery. What is the most common cause of an
* * * Failure of the physiologic ↓ in pulmonary vascular resistance after birth, leading to poor lung perfusion and right-to-left shunting through the PDA. Uncommon in preterm infants. Risk factors include chronic fetal hypoxia, maternal DM, infection, hypoxia (especially RDS), cyanotic heart disease, cold stress, hypoglycemia, pulmonary hypoplasia (eg, in CDH), and prenatal ductal closure. Sx/Exam: Presents with respiratory distress, shock, and postductal Tx: Inspired O2; mild
translocation. Metastatic evaluation: CT of the chest, bone marrow aspirate, bone scan. TREATMENT Surgical resection, radiation, chemotherapy. RHABDOMYOSARCOMA The most common soft tissue tumor of childhood, accounting for 5–8% of childhood cancers. Peak incidence is at 2–5 years of age, with a second, smaller peak occurring in adolescence (extremity tumors). Genetic predisposition is associated with Li-Fraumeni syndrome (a familial germ-line mutation of the p53 tumor suppressor
inflammation. TREATMENT Treatment is surgical. Virtually all masses should be excised. Systemic antibiotics are seldom effective, and topical antibiotics may partially reduce drainage but are not curative. COMPLICATIONS If left untreated, cholesteatomas can destroy temporal bone and result in deafness or unilateral facial nerve paralysis. They are also associated with CNS complications such as brain abscess and meningitis. Choanal Atresia The absence of a connection between
inguinal Herpes neonatorum Herpes simplex virus (HSV) neonatal Hers’ disease Heteroplasmy Hiatal hernia Hirschsprung’s disease Histiocytosis Histoplasma Histoplasma capsulatum Histoplasmosis HIV. See Human immunodeficiency virus Hodgkin’s disease Holt-Oram syndrome Homocystinuria Hookworms (Ancylostoma, Necator) HPV. See Human papillomavirus HSV. See Herpes simplex virus Human bites Human genetics and development dysmorphology chromosomal abnormalities terms used in