First Aid for the Pediatrics Clerkship, Third Edition (First Aid Series)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The pediatrics clerkship survival guide written by students who aced the clerkship.
This powerful review for the pediatrics clerkship provides medical students taking required rotations with a single, concise, high-yield resource for excelling on the boards and wards. Hundreds of high-yield facts--written by students and based on the clerkship's core competencies--review everything students need to know for the clerkship. Margin notes highlight common exam and "pimp" questions to really help students shine. New to this edition, mini-cases are integrated throughout to give a clinical "face" to disease discussions. A section of "classifieds" include scholarship and award opportunities. A new color insert contains 4 pages of full color images to amplify the text.
- High-yield yet comprehensive review for the pediatrics clerkship based on the clerkship's core competencies
- Written by students who just completed the clerkship
- NEW: Integrated mini-cases add clinical relevance and prepare students for questions they will see on the shelf exam and the USMLE Step 2 CK
- Exam tips and wards tips in the margins help students shine
- Edited by a pediatrician and reviewed by top faculty to ensure relevance and accuracy
The content you need to excel on the pediatric clerkship:
Section I: How to Succeed in the Pediatrics Clerkship; Section II: High-Yield Facts, Gestation and Birth, Prematurity, Growth and Development, Nutrition, Health Supervision and Prevention of Injury and Illness in the Well Child, Congenital Malformations and Chromosomal, Anomalies, Metabolic Disease, Immunologic Disease, ID, GI Disease, Respiratory Disease, Cardiovascular Disease, Renal, Gynecologic, and Urinary Disease, Hematologic Disease, Endocrine Disease, Neurologic Disease, ENT, Musculoskeletal Disease, Dermatology, Psychiatry, Section III: Awards and Opportunities, Color Image Section
or ↑. COMPLICATIONS Hypoglycemia. Hypokalemia. Cerebral edema: Cause of death in patients with DKA (get a head CT for headache/mental status changes indicative of acute intracranial pressure elevation). Treatment includes immediate reduction in intravenous fluid rate, hyperventilation, and mannitol 0.5–2 g/kg q4–6h as needed. HYPERINSULINISM A 2-hour-old newborn has plasma glucose of 20 mg/dL. Physical examination shows a large plethoric newborn with macrocephaly. Birth weight is > 90th
(phenothiazines, estrogen, cocaine). Hypothyroidism. Liver or renal failure. Macroprolactinemia (variant molecule). Physical stress. CLINICAL FEATURES Galactorrhea Menstrual irregularities/amenorrhea Decreased libido DIAGNOSIS Prolactin level (> 20 ng/mL). MRI (hypothalamic-pituitary region). TREATMENT Treatment of the cause. Dopamine agonists (bromocriptine, cabergoline) are the first line of treatment. Transsphenoidal surgery if medical treatment is unsuccessful. Prolactin
cephalosporins. DEFINITION A microbial invasion of joint space. Adolescent intravenous (IV) drug abusers are at risk for gram-negative septic arthritis. ETIOLOGY Neonates: S aureus (most common cause of septic arthritis in all ages). S agalactiae. Gram-negative enteric bacilli (K kingae has replaced Haemophilus influenzae type b [Hib] as the most common gram-negative arthritis in the child 2 months to 5 years old). Older children (very similar to osteomyelitis): S aureus:
Rule out the influence of a medication or a general medical condition (eg, hypothyroidism, lower gastrointestinal [GI] problems, dietary factors). ETIOLOGY Anxiety about defecating in a particular place. A more generalized anxiety in response to stressful environmental factors. Oppositional behavior. Physiologic conditions: Lack of sphincter control, constipation with overflow incontinence. EPIDEMIOLOGY Prevalence: 1% in 5-year-old children (less common than enuresis). Incidenc ↓ with age.
Genetic predisposition (6–10% of female relatives of anorexic patients have the condition, twin studies confirm). Psychological need to control, perfectionism. Conforming to society’s ideal of beauty. Stressful life events such as leaving home for college or death in the family. The most common cause of death in anorexia nervosa is cardiac arrhythmias due to electrolyte disturbances, particularly hypokalemia. PATHOPHYSIOLOGY A primary hypothalamic disturbance secondary to ↑