From Rousseau to Lenin: Studies in Ideology and Society
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This collection of Colletti's (1924-2001) principal Marxist essays will be welcomed by non-Italian readers. Colletti's concern as a Marxist was twofold: to interpret Marxism as profoundly and as flexibly as possible; and to investigate the relationships between Marx's thought and that of a number of other thinkers as widely separated in time as Rousseau and Marcuse. His thought ranges widely through philosophy, history, sociology, politics, and economics, without pausing at boundaries. Colletti's work from his Marxist period attempted to place the work of Marx in a line of descent that de-emphasizes Hegel, while giving a novel focus to the relationship between Marxism and Kant.
removal of the distinction between ‘nature’ and ‘society’. What ever its specilicity, the historical human world is only a ‘moment’ in an evolutionary series. The world of freedom and moral law is only one fragment (Stittkchen) of the world of the senses.“ Kautsky wanted to guarantee the distinction between freedom and necessity, while at the same time avoiding dualism. He even understood the difliculty of enlightenment, empiricism and sensualism, which, in reducing moral life to simple
party and the trade-union move ment grow with gradual but irresistible force. In a rasonable period of time, the Social Democrats would conquer the majority of seats in the “" ibid., p. 316. ‘“ For this union in tenet-I. * .4 Hum, of 3..-um Thnagll, Vol. Ill, The Smnul Inla-ulioul, Part I, Laadcn, 1963, pp. 149 E’. Bernstein and the Manrirm of the Second International 105 Reiehrtag — a majority that no government soldiery could ever disperse. At that point, backed by the maturity and
rational kernel within the mystical shell’.‘“‘ This formula from Capital, according to which we must distinguish between a rational kernel and a mystical shell within Hegel’: dialectic itself; was married by ‘dialectical materialism’ with Engels’s formula — born in the orbit of the Hegelian left — according to which the method repre sented the revolutionary aspect and the system the conservative side of Hegel's philosophy. The final result was that the rational nucleus became the Hegelian
mutual integration of their labours is not immediate but is realized only indirectly, through ‘exchange’ and the ‘market’. The social division of labour has the nature of ‘competition’ rather than co-operation. Mutual dependence tums into the dependence of all on the ‘market’, whose workings escape the control of society. Smith always con fuses the two, because for him the only possible society is the society of commodity production, ‘commercial society’, the society of exchange (bourgeois
the socio—political regime, established upon a given economic “base”; 4. the mentality of men living in society . . . determined in part directly by the economic conditions obtaining, and in part by the entire socio—political system that has arisen on that foundation; 5. the various ideologies reflecting the above men tality.’" It has been noted by one commentator that, in terms of this conception, ‘the productive forces develop by themselves, automatically, outside their form of production and