Fungi (Collins New Naturalist Library, Book 96)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
A comprehensive account of the natural history of fungi, from their lifestyle, habitats and ecology to their uses for humans. This edition is exclusive to newnaturalists.com
How do we use fungi in medicine? How can we identify edible mushrooms? Brian Spooner and Peter Roberts are both widely respected experts in fungi from the Royal Botanic Gardens at Kew. In this highly authoritative guide they examine all aspects of fungi, from their lifestyle and habitats to their diverse reproductive strategies. New Naturalist Fungi covers all aspects of the subject including:
• The biology and evolution of fungi
• Fungi as agents of growth and decay
• The relation of fungi to man, mammals and parasites
• Their natural and man-made habitats
Exploring the rich variety of mushrooms and toadstools found living in woodlands, grasslands, coastlines, rivers, and man-made habitats such as compost heaps, this New Naturalist volume is packed with information covering virtually every aspect of fungi. There is even a section on fungi in folklore and how humans have used fungi for medicinal purposes. With practical tips on collecting, preserving and identifying fungi, this is an ideal reference guide for enthusiastic amateurs and professionals alike.
fibre (‘bast’) used for rope-making. Some English trees are over 300 years old, with coppice stools much older still. Despite its long history, Tilia has a surprisingly meagre mycota. Perhaps no more than 40 or so associated species have been recorded in Britain. Although an ectomycorrhizal tree, only one agaric, Russula praetervisa, is considered a typical associate, and amongst other basidiomycetes only the corticioid Peniophora rufomarginata on dead attached branches, is a lime specialist.
parasitic on living leaves Aleurodiscus wakefieldiae saprotrophic on dead attached branches Amphiporthe leiphaemia saprotrophic on dead branches Bulgaria inquinans saprotrophic on fallen branches Ciboria batschiana saprotrophic on mummified acorns Coccomyces dentatus saprotrophic on fallen leaves Chlorociboria aeruginascens saprotrophic on fallen branches Collybia fusipes saprotrophic on roots and stumps Daedalea quercina saprotrophic on stumps and fallen trunks Diatrypella quercina
It is nonetheless prevalent in British buildings, accounting for some 15% of all reported timber decay. This figure peaked immediately after the Second World War, as a result of bomb damage and dereliction, and may gradually be decreasing. A useful collection of papers on Serpula lacrymans, its biology and control, has been published by Jennings & Bravery (1991). FIG 130. Dry rot Serpula lacrymans turns tough structural timber into a soft cake of cracked and easily crumbled, brown powder (RBG
attention. Boertman (1995) has provided excellent photographs, with keys and descriptions, for identifying European species, and keys to British species (and other grassland agarics) were given by Henrici (1996). As well as the waxcaps, a range of other genera with similar ecological needs can also be used as indicators of these habitats, notably species of club and coral fungi, toadstools in the genera Entoloma and Dermoloma, and the earth-tongues. Various rating systems to reflect the value of
little since then. Our main native beech woods, for example, are still confined to southeastern England, the Midlands, and south Wales. Our native pine woods are still confined to Scotland. What has changed, of course, is the arrival of people. Between the Bronze Age and the Roman period, most of the original wildwood was cleared for agriculture and settlement. By the time of the Domesday Book, only 15% of England was still wooded (Rackham, 1986), and even this was managed, exploited, and