Governing Insecurity in Japan: The Domestic Discourse and Policy Response
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Since the end of the Cold War, Japan's security environment has changed significantly. While, on the global level, the United States is still Japan's most important security partner, the nature of the partnership has changed as a result of shifting demands from the United States, new international challenges such as the North Korean nuclear programme and the rapid rise of China.
At the same time, Japan has been confronted with new, non-traditional security threats such as international terrorism, the spread of infectious diseases, and global environmental problems. On the domestic level, demographic change, labour migration, economic decline, workplace insecurity, and a weakening impact of policy initiatives challenge the sustainability of the lifestyle of many Japanese and have led to a heightened sense of insecurity among the Japanese public.
This book focuses on the domestic discourse on insecurity in Japan and goes beyond military security. The chapters cover issues such as Japan s growing perception of regional and global insecurity; the changing role of military forces; the perceived risk of Chinese foreign investment; societal, cultural and labour insecurity and how it is affected by demographic changes and migration; as well as food insecurity and its challenges to health and public policy. Each chapter asks how the Japanese public perceives these insecurities; how these perceptions influence the public discourse, the main stakeholders of this discourse, and how this affects state-society relations and government policies. "
Governing Insecurity in Japan provides new insights into Japanese and international discourses on security and insecurity, and the ways in which security is conceptualized in Japan. As such, it will be of interest to students and scholars working on Japanese politics, security studies and international relations.
ZA No. 2880. Online, available at: www.gesis.org/en/issp/issp-modules-profiles/national-identity/1995/. International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (2003) “National Identity II,” ZA No. 3910. Online, available at: www.gesis.org/en/issp/issp-modules-profiles/national-identity/2003/. 2 Balancing threats foreign and domestic The case of Japanese public opinion and the 2007 Upper House election Paul Midford Introduction How does the Japanese public evaluate and balance between foreign and domestic
issued in 2001 by the Council of Municipalities with a Concentrated Foreign Population (Gaikokujin Shūjū Toshi Kaigi). This document, despite calling upon the national government to take measures towards meeting the needs of foreign residents, places the main focus on the local level of integration, which it calls “chiiki kyōsei” – literally meaning local coexistence – as denoting the central role of municipalities (Gaikokujin Shūjū Toshi Kaigi 2001). The central role of municipalities finds its
still severe, and fair economic competition is hindered because employers who hire them as cheap labor illegally have an economic advantage over those who hire workers legally. (Immigration Control Bureau 2006: 51) Similarly, the CAO’s public poll on the issue of foreign workers shows that 40.8 percent of those respondents who refuse the acceptance of unskilled foreign workers think that in times of economic downturn, the hiring of immigrants has the effect of increasing the unemployment of
peaceful” state (Tsurumi 1991 : 244–246; Takeda 2005: 108–109). Simultaneously, aid from the UN and United States was brought into Japan as an emergency measure. This was used largely for school meals throughout the country, with the emphasis on bread and milk, signaling a departure from rice-centered eating practices (Ehara 1999: 56–57). Also, the Occupation Force introduced radical agriculture reforms through which many farmers had opportunities to own their own lands, departing from the
(excluding transporting arms or ammunition), challenging and unglamorous work, in a harsh climate, and basic multi-national living conditions. The mission lacked controversy, was low cost, and initially low priority, but UNDOF developed into a JSDF “PKO school,” resulting in domestic training programs with technical, team-ethos, and communication training-strands, and introducing joint-JSDF service, signaling the shift towards PKO-professionalism (Seki et al. 2004). UNDOF was unique in being the