Handbook of Oil Industry Terms and Phrases
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Updated after two decades this new edition combines a father/son author team that spans more than 75 years in the petroleum industry.
R. Dobie Langenkamp offers a fresh set of terms and phrases introduced to the industry over the past 20 years and still includes many historical references from the early days of the industry.
or absorbed, by the liquid. ABSTRACT OF TITLE A collection of all recorded instruments affecting the title to a tract of land. Some abstracts contain complete copies of instruments on record, but others are summaries of the various instruments. In most states, title examination is made using an abstract of title, rather than referring to the actually recorded documents in the Registry of Deeds in the Courthouse. ACCELERATED AGING TEST A procedure whereby an oil product may be subjected to
STRING A short string of casing run in the hole in offshore wells that serves as an anchor or base for the installation of wellhead equipment. On land, an anchor string is called surface pipe, or surface casing which may be from 200 to 2,000 feet long. It isolates the borehole from the shallow freshwater zones. It also serves as the foundation or anchor for all subsequent drilling activity. The anchor string is cemented securely before the borehole is taken down to guard against a blowout
Thus, the energy ratio between 1 MCF of gas and 1 barrel of oil is roughly 1 to 6. If the price of oil and gas were based solely on the energy value, the price of a barrel of oil would be only 6 times that of an MCF of gas. The fact that oil is customarily more than 6 times the price of gas indicates the relative commercial desirability of oil as an energy source. ENGINE, HOT-PLUG See Hot-Plug Engine. ENGINE HOUSE On a cable-tool rig, the engine house held the steam-powered drilling engine.
Q R S T U V W X Y Z 184 FLOAT EQUIPMENT, WELL-CEMENTING | FLOATING STORAGE FLOAT EQUIPMENT, WELL-CEMENTING Float equipment is used in cementing the casing string firmly and gas-tight to the rock wall of the borehole. The equipment consists of a nonreturn valve mounted or held in a steel shell compatible with the casing string. The valve (flapper, ball, or plunger) is made from frangible material so it may readily be drilled out and pulverized. Float equipment provides a circulation path for
resistance. Shale swells from drilling fluids and flows into the borehole. Salt beds are another example of formations that flow. FLOWING TUBING PRESSURE After fracing and well cleanup, the fraced formation often begins flowing up through the production tubing. The flowing tubing pressure is a good indication of the success of the frac job and the vitality of the reservoir. FLOW LINE, DRILLING WELL The line at the top of the casing that directs the returning drilling fluid to the mud-gas