Hatamoto: Samurai Horse and Foot Guards 1540?1724 (Elite)
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Each great samurai warlord, or daimyo, had a division of troops known as the Hatamoto, 'those who stand under the flag'. The Hatamoto included the personal bodyguards, the senior generals, the standard bearers and colour-guard, the couriers, and the other samurai under the warlord's personal command. Apart from bodyguard and other duties in immediate attendance on the daimyo, both horse and foot guards often played crucial roles in battle. Their intervention could turn defeat into victory, and their collapse meant certain defeat. As favoured warriors under the warlord's eye, members of the bodyguards could hope for promotion, and a few even rose to be daimyo themselves. All the three great leaders of the 16 and 17th centuries ? including Oda, Hideyoshi and Tokugawa ? had their own elite corps. Such troops were naturally distinguished by dazzling apparel and heraldry, with banners both carried and attached to the back of the armour, all of which will be detailed in an array of colour artwork specially created for this publication.
War by delegation. The Satake hatamoto at Osaka, 1614 BIBLIOGRAPHY & FURTHER READING 63 INDEX 64 HATAMOTO SAMURAI HORSE AND FOOT GUARDS 1540-1724 'THOSE BENEATH THE FLAG' The word hatamoto has the literal meaning of 'beneath the flag', because it was directly underneath the flags and battle standards of the daimyo (Japan's feudal lords) that one would have found the samurai warriors who bore this most noble of titles. They made up the daimyo's mounted and foot guards; served on his
Casrle, fall of 47,53-4,55,63 Nishi-no-maru 34,35,39,56, H(57) Oba Nobunaga 8, A(9), 10, 11, 12, 13, 13, 15, 22, C(23), 28, 29, 30, 30, 32, 33, 34, 40, 57 Oda oburada 29,33 Odawara, barrie of 44, F(45), 48, 50, G(51) Okabe Gonnoday 26,50, G(51) Okehazama, barrie of 13,20,29,29,33,43 Okubo Shichiro'emon Tadayo 50, G(51) Omori Castle, action against 47,49,50,52,53,53 Ono Castle, arrack on 48-9 Onodera army/family 18,47,48-50,52,52,53-4, 53,55,55,60,63 Onodera Shigemichi 47,53,54,55 Onodera
advance at the battle of the Anegawa, 1570. This is a detail from a modern screen painting done in traditional style, on display in a museum commemorating the Asai family near Nagahama. Even during the peaceful Edo Period (1603-1868) the government of the shogunate was called the Bakufu in a clear reference to its military origins. The area within a typical maku was by no means elaborately furnished. Folding camp stools would be provided for the daimyo and his staff officers, but a wooden
warrior using a cross-bladed spear and decapitated, and soon afterwards his son was also killed, but their sacrifice had not been in vain; their rearguard action had allowed the Asakura army to retreat in good order, even though they were then pur ued for a considera ble distance. LOYALTY RELATIONSHIPS As the hatamoto had the simultaneous responsibilities of defending the daimyo and assisting him in the discharge of his governance and leadership they may be seen by analogy as his 'household
Katakura Kagetsuna was an outstanding example of the loyal hatamoto, who served Date Masamune and kept the castle of Shiroishi. His personal banner also bears a temple bell motif, like that of Umezu Noritada. Theyokome Holding a position equivalent in prestige to the bugyo were the ikusa metsuke (army superintendents) otherwise known as the yokome (inspectors). These men combined roles analogous to those of European provosts and military judges with that of heralds. In peacetime they had a