Historical Dictionary of Socialism (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)
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Primarily concerned with the historical roots and contemporary condition of socialism, the second edition of the Historical Dictionary of Socialism offers information on writers, activists, ideas, political parties, institutions, and movements that sought―and in many cases are still seeking―to change the social and political order. It reflects the diversity in the broad movement of the left, the many variants of which include reformist social democracy, revolutionary Marxism, the New Left, and contemporary anti-capitalism.
Taking up where the first edition left off, this thoroughly revised dictionary shows how socialism has been reacting, reforming and also expanding. This is done through a chronology, a list of acronyms and abbreviations, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and a cross-referenced dictionary section with 114 new entries, some on the current leadership, others on the many new parties of Central and Eastern Europe and the Third World, and yet others on the reaction to globalization. This book will provide a mine of information for teachers and students of political ideologies, comparative politics, political sociology, labor history, and political theory.
(Democratic Labor Party) [Brazil] Party of European Socialists 06-369_01_Front.qxd 8/23/06 1:45 PM Page xv ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS PFSDH PIP PLC PLN PMSD PNDS PNP POUM PPD PPP PPPL PPS PR PRD PRD PRD PRF PRI PRPB PRSD PS PS • xv Pati Fizyon Sosyal Demokrat Ayisyen/Parti Fusion des Sociaux-Democrates Haitiens (Union of Haitian Social Democrats) Partido Independentista Puertoriqueño (Puerto Rico Independence Party) Partido Liberal Colombiano (Liberal Party of Columbia) Partido de
Party of the Soviet Union (Kommunisticˇeskaya Partija Sovetskogo Soyuza—KPSS) and its Russian branch. The KPSS was itself formed in postrevolutionary Russia in 1921 as the successor to the Bolsheviks, which V. I. Lenin had brought into being. The party became the KPSS in 1925, when communism in the Soviet Union had consolidated under Joseph Stalin (1879–1953). The Soviet Union was a one-party Marxist-Leninist state. Stalin turned the Soviet Union into a dictatorship. Stalin eliminated most of the
education, health, and marine, a position he held until April 1940 when he was elected prime minister after the death of Michael Savage. As prime minister, he devoted himself to the mobilization of New Zealand to the Allied war effort. After World War II, he continued to build the welfare state in New Zealand. He ceased to be prime minister in December 1949 because of ill health. FRENCH SOCIALIST PARTY [PARTI SOCIALISTE (PS)]. Although France was one of the cradles of European socialist thought
many in his Parti Démocratique de Guinée recommended. The experiment declined into dictatorship as, in response partly to invasions from opponents abroad and partly to imagined enemies, Touré suppressed and eliminated many of his opponents. Furthermore, the nationalization policies and state control that were central to the experiment were executed and administered incompetently. Following the death of Touré in 1984 and the commencement of Conté’s regime, Guinea remained a country that suffered
the rest of Europe. After the PS’s victory in the national elections of October 1995, when it won 44 percent of the vote, he was asked to form a government. As leader of the PS he won the general elections of October 1999. Also in 1999 the Congress of the Socialist International (SI) elected him as president. Following defeats in local government elections in December 2001, he resigned as prime minister. In 2003 he was reelected president of the SI, but he resigned when in May 2005 he was