History and Philosophy of Psychology
Man Cheung Chung
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
History and Philosophy of Psychology is a lively introduction to the historical development of psychology. Its distinct inclusion of ideas from both Eastern and Western philosophies offers students a uniquely broad view of human psychology.
- Whilst covering all the major landmarks in the history of psychology, the text also provides students with little-known but fascinating insights into key questions â?? such as whether Freud really cured his patients; what was nude psychotherapy; and were the early psychologists racist?
- Encourages students to explore the philosophical and theoretical implications of the historical development of psychology
- Explores key theoretical ideas and experiments in detail, with background to their development and valuable suggestions for further reading
program which Wundt espoused one hundred years ago.’ (p. 231) Wundt and his students Many of the early psychologists trained in Wundt’s laboratories, of which many went on to develop psychology in other ways (Benjamin et al., 1992). German students included Külpe (1909/1973) who set up a different approach to psychology at the University of Würzburg, and Kraepelin who applied Wundt’s idea of classification, for example between sensations and feelings, to mental illness. Kraepelin was responsible
passively. One could argue that it is these simple ideas which constitute Wundt’s immediate experience. However, Locke then goes on to say that these simple ideas ‘are only variations, or different combinations of the same simple idea, without the mixture of any other’. So, Locke believed that spatial, temporal and numerical ideas, and the idea of infinity are derived from combinations of simple ideas. For example, we obtain the idea of infinite extension by, for example, combining the simple
of observables refers to the way our description of reality is affected by our theoretical assumptions (see final chapter). Many years ago, horses in the street would wear blinkers, which restricted their vision, so the horse would not be frightened by strange sights. Scientists also wear blinkers, the blinkers of their prior expectations. If we don’t expect to see something Chung_c04.indd 85 11/25/2011 8:36:39 PM 86 History and Philosophy of Psychology we don’t see it. One of the most
experienced facts and plans of action. So, James focused on the concrete, immediate, practical level of people’s experience in order to understand our minds or intellect. For, Peirce, on the other hand, the immediate sensory experience is all but destitute of ‘intellectual purport.’ Also, while Peirce’s pragmatism was of a logical and scientific nature, James’ pragmatism was characterized by value, moral ideas, moral interests and moral language, despite the fact that he came from a scientific
the introspecter. You say to the friend the following words (who doesn’t know what you are going to say: ‘The whole is greater than the sum of its parts’’ Ask your friend to focus on the first two words of the sentence. Did you friend interpret ‘whole’ as ‘hole’? Did your friend visualise a hole? When did your friend understand the meaning of the sentence? Was it before the end, or after the end? Now repeat the sentence. Again ask your friend when the meaning was understood? Did this task create