Hitler's Olympics: The 1936 Berlin Olympic Games
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machinery littered Unter den Linden, the stone-clad buildings pock-marked by shell, mortar and small arms fire from the street-to-street fighting as the Soviet army conquered it. Most of the buildings themselves stood like rows of rotting teeth, bombed to the point where only external walls remained. The population, traumatised, faced a long summer at the mercy of the Soviet conquerors and then a bitter cold winter, a killing winter. The Olympic stadium, protected from the bombing and street
6 metres: Great Britain, Norway, Sweden.** 8 metres: Italy, Norway, Germany. Women Track and Field (no women competed at Athens, 1896, so the comparison relates to 2004). 100m: H. Stephens (USA) 11.5s, S. Walsh (Pol) 11.7, K. Krauss (Ger) 11.9. Athens 10.93. 80m hurdles: T. Valla (Ita) 11.7s, A. Steuer (Ger) 11.7, E. Taylor (Can) 11.7. Athens: not held. 4 × 100m relay: USA 46.9s, GB 47.6, Canada 47.8. Athens 41.73. High jump: I. Csák (Hun) 1.60m, D. Odam (GB) 1.60, E. Kaun (Ger) 1.60.
appeasement to confrontation. That gave him room to manoeuvre, and he’d created a disciplined, subservient, heavily militarised nation to use as an instrument to exploit it. America’s Ambassador, William E. Dodds, had studied in Leipzig and arrived in Berlin hoping to bring the two countries closer but, like Phipps, he understood Hitler. Over the next four years his frustration mounted to the point where he felt open bitterness and hostility to the Nazis and resigned. Ignoring all conventions
implication that if it wasn’t, American participation would come into question. Sherrill told the San Francisco Chronicle that he had gone to Germany with ‘the purpose of getting at least one Jew on the German Olympic team’. Sherrill faced a delicate problem, as many others would, because, as he said, he would not countenance Germans lecturing him on the ‘Negro situation’ in the United States. He had not therefore discussed any ‘obstacles’ German Jewish athletes faced but only the principle of
marriage and mock trial ostensibly given as an entertainment feature but so shocking that many athletes walked out of the social hall. The trial was presided over by Gustavus T. Kirby who so handled the dialogue having to do with marital situations that it was open to questionable interpretations and altogether unsuitable for youthful ears. Eleanor Holm, US swimmer The city of heavy stone had a population of over 4 million, making it the third largest in the world behind London’s 8 million and