Israel: the First Hundred Years: Volume I: Israel's Transition from Community to State (Israeli History, Politics and Society) (v. 1)
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The Zionist Movement was born in the wake of Jewish emancipation in Western Europe, and at a time of increased persecution in Eastern Europe. This volume addresses the intellectual, social and political ramifications of Jewish settlement in Eretz Israel before the creation of the State of Israel.
peace in Haifa, 18 January 1948; peace talks between the Jewish head of Ben Shemen 45 and the mayor of the Arab Lydda, 7 January 1948; agreement between the Arab village of Aqir and Jewish Eqron, 9 February 1948; ceasefire negotiated to stop the mutual shooting on Jewish and Arab transportation in Acre, 6 February 1948; truce signed between Magdiel and Bir Adas, 9 March 1948; the residents of Arab Tantura decided to surrender to the Jews but asked that this take place after an ostensible Jewish
Avnei Derekh, p. 129. 9. Sharett, Yoman, Vol. III, p.639; David Ben-Gurion's Diary, Ben-Gurion Archives, Sde Boker, February-June 1954 (hereinafter BGD). 10. Dayan, Avnei Derekh, pp.122-3, 125. 11. BGD, 20 August 1954. 84 12. Ibid., 2 March 1955; IDFA, Weekly Meeting Files, Nos 822-97. 13. Sharett, Yoman, Vol. III, pp.816, 894. For a detailed analysis of the Gaza operation and its political context, see my article, 'Israel and the Gaza Operation - Continuity or Change?', in Motti Golani (ed.),
seems to have been genuinely convinced that his November 1956 declaration in the Knesset that the Armistice Agreement was 'dead' was unassailable. Still, it is difficult to imagine that Ben-Gurion actually believed that by releasing himself unilaterally from the Agreement he would succeed in spiriting away the legal contention of both the UN and the United States that Egypt's right to be in the Strip was embedded in the Armistice Agreement. Furthermore, Ben-Gurion did not foresee that the UN and
'unacceptable' but would be 'deeply and properly resented by the UN'.39 Ben-Gurion did not give in. He cabled Eban: 'The Egyptians must not be permitted to return to Gaza'.40 He took this strong line in full awareness of its consequences at the UN General Assembly, which was about to convene again, and where sanctions against Israel were to be discussed. On 20 February Eisenhower made a broadcast to the American nation, warning that the UN had no choice but to exert pressure on Israel to comply
Israel should become 'a light unto the nations'. As he explained it, besides its moralistic value, Israel as a beacon for other nations had an important security function, providing as it did external support which was so essential to ensure its existence.10 Such subordination of all private and collective aspects of life to security demands bordered on 'security Bolshevism' and is 197 typical of the Second Aliya generation. Nevertheless, since Ben-Gurion was well aware that moral, economic or