Marx and Engels: Their Contribution to the Democratic Breakthrough (Suny Series in Political Theory. Contemporary Issues)
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According to Nimtz, no two people contributed more to the struggle for democracy in the nineteenth century than Karl Marx and Frederick Engels. Presenting the first major study of the two thinkers in the past twenty years and the first since the collapse of the Soviet Union, this book challenges many widely held views about their democratic credentials and their attitudes and policies on the peasantry, the importance of national self-determination, the struggle for women's equality, their so-called Eurocentric bias, political and party organizing, and the possibility for socialist revolution in an overwhelmingly peasant and underdeveloped country like late-nineteenth-century Russia.
oretical and party side of the BUSINESS." 79 During this period, in other words, the partnership involved a conscious division of labor in which Engels labored in his family's factory in Manchester to make it possible for Marx to work on Capital as well as be the de facto head of the IWMA. The Scientific Work as Political Ammunition When Marx told Weydemeyer in 1859 that, in publishing A Contribution to a Critique of Political Economy "I hope to win a scientific victory for our party," he
terrible mess, both in respect of the TRADESUNIONS here and the INFECTION OF STRIKES now prevailing on the Continent."81 He then added, "I am, of course, expected to produce a refutation." However difficult it would be to "COMPRESS A COURSE OF POLITICAL ECONOMY INTO 1 HOUR . . . WE SHALL DO OUR BEST." The result was a paper that Marx
suffer in modern bourgeois society, which by its industry creates the material means for the foundation of a new society that will liberate you all. . . . " Thus, it was necessary to "unite with another party [at least that wing of the bourgeoisie] also in opposition, so as not to allow our common enemy, the absolute monarchy, to win.''38
Marx would have agreed with much of what Tocqueville wrote about the provisional government's ineptness toward the peasantry. However, Marx had more to say on this question that was politically superior to Tocqueville's observations. It wasn't just a policy of benign neglect that undermined support for the revolution in the countryside. The imposition of a tax on the peasantry was the government's undoing. "Whereas the Revolution of 1789 began by shaking the feudal burdens off the
revolutionaries, and thus unlike Tocqueville, they praised those insurgents that did step forward to provide leadership, however inadequate, such as Joachim René Kersausie (1798–1874) whose name, Engels wrote, would go ''down in history as the first commanderinchief of barricade fighting."34 Unlike Marx and Engels, who were in Cologne at the time, Tocqueville had the advantage of being on the scene of the insurrection. His Recollections provides the