Nations and Government: Comparative Politics in Regional Perspective
Thomas M. Magstadt
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With a unique regional organization and conceptual approach, NATIONS AND GOVERNMENTS: COMPARATIVE POLITICS IN REGIONAL PERSPECTIVE helps students understand national governments more fully by putting them into a larger regional context. This text documents the changes brought on by the post-Soviet era and the age of globalization, while charting the progress of emerging markets and democracies around the world. This new edition looks closely at the impact of the global recession, providing up-to-date analysis of national policy responses. It also details the continuing rise of Brazil, Russia, India, and China, with case-study coverage of each country.
World War II. The United States, Great Britain, and France served as models from which the West Germans borrowed freely. From the United States they took the principles of federalism (dividing governmental responsibilities between a national government and state governments) and true bicameralism (having two legislative chambers elected in different ways and playing distinctive constitutional roles). From Great Britain they adapted the parliamentary system. They imitated the French electoral
are generally low in Eastern Europe, life expectancy is high (over seventy), and illiteracy rates are less than 5 percent. Above all, membership in the EU gives East European nations access to a huge market, EU subsidies, and foreign investment that would otherwise go elsewhere. On the negative side, agriculture continues to play a signiﬁcantly larger role in the national economy than in the postindustrial West. Per capita GDP in the former Communist states actually fell during the 1990s,
Afghanistan, Japan, Germany, Iran, and Israel. Go to the home page and click on the “world” tab for current articles from leading newspapers on global issues and political developments in countries from A to Z. http://www.pewtrusts.org/our_work.aspx The website of the Pew Charitable Trusts devoted to improving public policy, informing the public, and stimulating civic life. For example, under Public Opinion, click on the “Foreign Policy and Global Attitudes” tab on the home page.
Totalitarian tyrants like Hitler and Stalin certainly imitated the behavior Aristotle ascribes to the tyrants of ancient times, who were famous (or infamous) for “the ‘lopping off’ of outstanding men and men of spirit.”6 Some other methods of personal rule, according to Aristotle, included the following: the forbidding of common meals, clubs, and anything of a like character—or, in other words, a defensive attitude against everything likely to produce the two qualities of mutual conﬁdence and a
of the burden of public ﬁnance to Scotland, devolution will be enough to keep revolution at bay. To Be or Not to Be—in Europe: British Foreign Policy Long before the 2003 war in Iraq caused a political furor in the United Kingdom, British foreign and defense policy had fueled a good deal of other controversy. When the United Kingdom joined the United States in a face-off with France and Germany over how to handle the Iraqi problem, it was a case of déjà vu for Europeans with a memory. In the