Nazi Propaganda for the Arab World: With a New Preface
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Jeffrey Herf, a leading scholar in the field, offers the most extensive examination to date of Nazi propaganda activities targeting Arabs and Muslims in the Middle East during World War II and the Holocaust. He draws extensively on previously unused and little-known archival resources, including the shocking transcriptions of the “Axis Broadcasts in Arabic” radio programs, which convey a strongly anti-Semitic message.
Herf explores the intellectual, political, and cultural context in which German and European radical anti-Semitism was found to resonate with similar views rooted in a selective appropriation of the traditions of Islam. Pro-Nazi Arab exiles in wartime Berlin, including Haj el-Husseini and Rashid el-Kilani, collaborated with the Nazis in constructing their Middle East propaganda campaign. By integrating the political and military history of the war in the Middle East with the intellectual and cultural dimensions of the propagandistic diffusion of Nazi ideology, Herf offers the most thorough examination to date of this important chapter in the history of World War II. Importantly, he also shows how the anti-Semitism promoted by the Nazi propaganda effort contributed to the anti-Semitism exhibited by adherents of radical forms of Islam in the Middle East today.
jahrhunderts his zum Ende des Dritten Reiches (Stuttgart: F. Steiner, 1999), 99-113. 81. Hans Alexander Winkler and Konstantin Alexander Freiherr von Neurath, "Krieg and Hungersnot;" in Neurath to AA, "Vorschlage fuer arabische Flugblatter," Verbindungsman mit der Panzergruppe Afrika (VAA Panzergruppe Afrika) (November 17,1941), PAAA R6o747, G. R. v. Neurath, Propagandaoffiziere, 1941-42, Bde. 1-2. 82. Ibid. 83. Winkler and Neurath, "II," Neurath to AA, "Vorschlage fuer arabische Flugblattter"
Judenfragen,1941-42. Botschaft Rom: Arabien, Unabangigkeitsbewegung (Grossmufti-Gailani), 1942. Buro des Staatssekretar: Agypten, 1939-41. Krieg in Afrika, 194243. Palastinafrage,1937-38. Buro Partei, Jugendbewegung, Bd. 1, 1937-39, Asien I. Dienstelle Rahn, Tunis: Ausgehende Telegramme der Dienstelle Rahn, 1942-43. Ein- and ausgehende Telegramme, 1942-43. Telegramme and Fernschreiben, 1943. Schriftverkehr, 1942-43. Handakten Ettel: Grof3mufti,1941-44. Handakten Ettel, a) Kaukasus
issue of Zionism; it left "the Axis powers with an important weapon with which to stir up discontent within the Arab world." Fuller advised that the United States should follow the BBC's policy and "make no mention of the thorny subject. Admittedly this is far from satisfactory. But until the precarious future of the Near and Middle East is better defined there seems no other course." 55 In another report, Fuller argued that American broadcasts stress growing American strength, concern with the
in 1941 Muslims were being exterminated at the same time that a large Jewish army was emerging. That both claims were false did not prevent their repetition on the air. In his dispatch covering the period of October 27 to November 2, Kirk reported that Radio Berlin stated that Charles de Gaulle had communicated to Chaim Weizmann, the president of the World Zionist Organization, a promise to support the Jews at the expense of the Arabs in Syria. During that same week, Radio Bari declared that "the
have sucked the blood of the nation and enslaved our country." The "hour of liberty" was at hand. It was time for the Egyptian nation to rise, for the British were "as weak as sheep."75 The "hour of liberty" coincided with incitement to mass violence against the Jews. As we have noted, in view of SS preparations to send an Einsatzgruppe to the Middle East, this propaganda of incitement was closely linked to actual preparations to carry out mass killings of Jews in the Middle East. On the evening