On Power and Ideology: The Managua Lectures
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The book consists of five lectures on U.S. international and security policy. The first two lectures examine the persistent and largely homogenous features of U.S. foreign policy, and overall framework of order. The third discusses Central America and its foreign policy pattern. The fourth looks at U.S. national security and the arms race. And the fifth examines U.S. domestic policy.
These five talks, conveyed directly to the people bearing the brunt of devastating U.S. foreign policy, make historic and exciting reading.
institutions through financial as well as other means.” Wilson’s practice conformed to this principle, for example, by excluding Britain from Central American oil concessions, as I mentioned earlier. The major change after World War II is that the United States was then in On Power and Ideology_text pages_3_Layout 1 4/23/15 3:47 PM Page 14 14 NOAM CHOMSKY a position to apply these principles over a broader range; and, of course, the Evil Empire from which it had to defend itself was no
effective. Acheson’s success had further implications for policy-makers: if it is deemed necessary to arrack another country, it will be highly useful to be able to portray it as a Soviet client to reinforce the cry that the Russians are again on the march. Therefore it is useful to drive the target of aggression into the hands of the Soviet Union by embargo, threat, subversion and other measures, including pressure on allies and international agencies to withdraw assistance, so as to provide the
the concurrent World Court proceedings might evoke a spark of interest here. As I mentioned earlier, the title is based on a mistranslation of a speech by Tomás Borge in which he explains that Nicaragua cannot “export our revolution” but can only “export our example,” while “the people themselves of these countries . . . must make their revolutions.” The State Department effort to distort these comments into a proof of aggressive intent was exposed immediately by the Council on Hemispheric
policy and national security policies are fashioned. I will also want to inquire into the possibilities for modifying them, a profoundly important matter. The fate of Central America, and in fact the continued existence of human society on this planet, depend to no small extent on the answers to these questions. Let us turn now to a review of some of the systematic patterns of U.S. foreign policy, beginning with a few general principles that I will then illustrate with various specific examples.
major enemy, however, is always the indigenous population, which has an unfortunate tendency to succumb to strange and unacceptable ideas about using their resources for their own purposes. They must therefore be taught regular lessons in obedience to thwart any such evil designs. Thus in Southeast Asia in the post-World War II period, national movements arose that did not comprehend the conceptions developed by State Department planners, who explained in internal documents that the region was