Origins: A Short Etymological Dictionary of Modern English
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This dictionary gives the origins of some 20,000 items from the modern English vocabulary, discussing them in groups that make clear the connections between words derived by a variety of routes from originally common stock. As well as giving the answers to questions about the derivation of individual words, it is a fascinating book to browse through, since every page points out links with other entries. It is easy to pursue such trails as the longer articles are written as continuous prose clearly divided up by means of numbered paragraphs and subheadings, and there is a careful system of cross-references. In addition to the main A-Z listing, there are extensive lists of prefixes, suffixes, and elements used in the creation of new vocabulary.
a Dieu, in full je vous recommande a (F à) Dieu, I commend you to God, spoken to a departing guest or traveller; OF a Dieu—LL ad Deum. Cf DEITY. adipose , whence adiposity (suffix -ity). See the element adipo-. adjacence or adjacency, adjacent: ML adjacentia, from ML adjacent- (whence E adjacent), L adjacent-, o/s of adiacens, presp of adiacēre, to lie (iacēre) towards or by (ad, to, towards); iacēre, lit ‘to be in the state of some person or thing cast or thrown (down)’, derives from iacěre,
albescent-, o/s of albescens, presp of albescere, inch of albāre, to whiten, from albus; album is prop the neu s of albus—from the blank white pages; albugo, coming direct from L, means lit ‘whiteness’— albus+suffix -ūgō; L-become-E albumen, white of egg, derives (suffix -men) from albus, and albumin is a Chem alteration, and albuminous (albumin-, o/s of albumen+suffix -ous) the adj of either. Albino is Port for ‘whitish’, from albo, white, from albus. 3. F aubade, a song at aube or dawn,
domain of semantics, the science of meanings, for semantics will sometimes resolve an otherwise insoluble problem. If the reader intends to use this book extensively and even if he intends merely to consult it occasionally, he will spare himself much time and trouble if he previously familiarizes himself with the list of abbreviations immediately preceding the dictionary proper. If he wishes to be in a position to understand words in their fullest implications and subtleties, in their nuances and
whence the adj archipelagic (ic): It arcipelago, lit ‘chief sea’: element arcih-+L pelagus from Gr pelagos, sea, whence pelagios, of the sea, L pelagius, E pelagian; the syn pelagic represents L pelagicus, from pelagus. With Gr pelagos (s and r pelag-), cf Gr plax, surface of the sea, a plain: IE r, *pela-, flat, to be flat, to stretch. architect , architecture (whence architectural); architectonic, whence architectonics. See TECHNIC, para 5. architrave . See TAVERN, para 4. archive , whence
late MF-F escalade, adopted by E, whence ‘to escalade’ (cf EF-F escalader, whence the agential trade-name Escalator, whence any escalator. 5. L scandere is hardly less influential in its prefix cpds ascendere—dēscendere, A-Z 153 whence condēscendere—transcendere. (Conscendere and inscendere became learnèd, long obs’ E conscend, inscend; and escendere has lacked issue.) 6. Ascendere, which represents as—for ad, to+ -scendere, c/f of scandere, became E ascend, whence ascender. Ascendere has