Platonisms: Ancient, Modern, and Postmodern (Ancient Mediterranean and Medieval Texts and Contexts)
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By questioning the modern categories of Plato and Platonism, this book offers new ways of reading the Platonic dialogues and the many traditions that resonate in them from Antiquity to Post-Modernity.
301b8, Euphr. 11a7–8). Only the more complete information found in indirect tradition shows that these truly are fragments, and not the entire doctrine.10 Finally, in the Charmides, it is said that determining for all things whether their ability (their dunamis) can be applied to themselves or not is a task for a great man (169a1–5). No long demonstration is needed to show that this question is of equal import for the doctrine of soul and of Ideas, as well as for the logic of the megista gen¯e.
in ancient Greek to designate this category of living beings. They are classiﬁed as a function of the elements (beginning with the air, since ﬁre is reserved for the gods), in a vertical order. At the top, birds ﬂy through the air. Then come the living beings that inhabit the surface of the earth; these are the quadrupeds, insects, and reptiles. Finally, there are the aquatic animals: ﬁsh, shellﬁsh, and others, which are the most unintelligent. 50 luc brisson In fact, Plato describes a
Parmenides in their theological characterization of the highest realities, preferring instead to trade in the earlier Middle Platonic metaphysical model, where the dialogue of reference continues to be the Timaeus.20 of the First Hypothesis of the Parmenides and must be taken seriously into account when one weighs the value of Simplicius’ report (the second half of which is drawn from Porphyry) of a metaphysical interpretation on Neoplatonic lines of the ﬁrst three Hypostases by the Platonist
a deceased friend, who by that time had seven children, and to take care of the well-being of her soul by “freeing her of every master” (3.43–44). But the most interesting case is the story of the 4th century Neoplatonist woman philosopher Sosipatra of Perga- 17 The tradition of responses to Plato’s Republic, and to Book Five in particular, includes Zeno and Chrysippus (on this cf. M. Schoﬁeld, The Stoic Idea of the City, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1991), the reactions recorded in
level, but at the general philosophical level: not only are all mathematicals uniﬁed in a common science, but all philosophical objects are uniﬁed, i.e., integrated in a synoptic way in the universal science, as they are viewed through a more or less mathematizing lens. Thus the uniﬁcation process goes hand in hand, ﬁrst, with mathematical concentration (in a common mathematical science) and, second, with mathematizing integration of all knowable objects (in a universal or omni-science). Since