Political Corruption: Concepts and Contexts
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Corruption is once again high on the international policy agenda as a result of globalization, the spread of democracy, and major scandals and reform initiatives. But the concept itself has been a focus for social scientists for many years, and new findings and data take on richer meanings when viewed in the context of long-term developments and enduring conceptual debates. This compendium, a much-enriched version of a work that has been a standard reference in the field since 1970, offers concepts, cases, and fresh evidence for comparative analysis.
Building on a nucleus of classic studies laying out the nature and development of the concept of corruption, the book also incorporates recent work on economic, cultural, and linguistic dimensions of the problem, as well as critical analyses of several approaches to reform. While many authors are political scientists, work by historians, economists, and sociologists are strongly represented. Two-thirds of the nearly fifty articles are based either on studies especially written or translated for this volume, or on selected journal literature published in the 1990s. The tendency to treat corruption as merely a synonym for bribery is illuminated by analyses of the diverse terminology and linguistic techniques that help distinguish corruption problems in the major languages. Recent attempts to measure corruption, and to analyze its causes and effects quantitatively are also critically examined. New contributions emphasize especially: corruption phenomena in Asia and Africa; contrasts among region and regime types; comparing U.S. state corruption incidence; European Party finance and corruption; assessments of international corruption rating project; analyses of international corruption control treaties; unintended consequences of anti-corruption efforts. Cumulatively, the book combines description richness, analytical thrust, conceptual awareness, and contextual articulation.
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was displayed even by British judges. This partisanship had severe repercussions on both government and security. On the one hand, Arab Fellahjn (mass peasants) who were active in brigand bands against the ews or the mandate interpreted British officials’ behavior as a “sympathy ‘ith their cause and 28 tactics,” On the other hand, British police “had been demoralized by conflicting 29 loyalties.” The Arab section of the police had ilsintegrated almost completely and had become little more than an
persua sive argument for economic benefits from corruption, But questions remain: apart from the need for better and more nuanced measures, we need to look more closely at differing patterns of corruption in developing countries, and at their effects upon various constituencies and governmental functions. Socalled “petty corruption” needs to be reexamined in light of the new evidence that economic effects become most apparent in the broader context and over the long run. And much of the past
relative to the number of aspirants. entrepreneurs must bid against each other in what amounts to a clandestine and imperfect auction. With competition forcing prices up, the favors will tend to be allocated to those who can pay the highest prices. In the long run, the favors will go to the most efficient producers, for they will be able to make the highest bids which are compat ible with remaining in the industry. Marginal firms, on the other hand, will face severe pressures. Either they
of public commissions of inquiry, grand corrup tion is better known to the public in anglophone countries like Ghana (Le Vine, 1980), Sierra Leone (Kpunde, 1994) of Nigeria than in francophone countries. But the influence of the nationality of the former colonizer on corruption has been rather limited. Even if the British administrative legacy was “cleaner” than the French one, it did not last, and the former British Africa Corruption in the Neo.-Patrimonial States of Sub-Saharan 385 One can,