Political Ideologies and Political Parties in America (Cambridge Studies in Public Opinion and Political Psychology)
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Political Ideologies and Political Parties in America puts ideology front and center in the discussion of party coalition change. Treating ideology as neither a nuisance nor a given, the analysis describes the development of the modern liberal and conservative ideologies that form the basis of our modern political parties. Hans Noel shows that liberalism and conservatism emerged as important forces independent of existing political parties. These ideologies then reshaped parties in their own image. Modern polarization can thus be explained as the natural outcome of living in a period, perhaps the first in our history, in which two dominant ideologies have captured the two dominant political parties.
first, note one thing that they could imply, but do not have to. In these definitions, parties are about who stands with whom; ideologies are about what some group stands for. They could refer to the same people. A party could be the group of people who hold some ideology, and an ideology could be the platform offered by a political party. For many scholars, this is at least implied. In An Economic Theory of Democracy, Anthony Downs (1957, pp. 96–113) conceptualizes ideologies as something
at Atlanta University, May 31, 1906.” Atlanta University Leaflet, No. 19 (S.l: s.n.). Boas, Franz 1911. The Mind of Primitive Man. New York: MacMillan. Bond, Jon R. and Richard Fleisher. 2000. Polarized Politics: Congress and the President in a Partisan Era. Washington, DC: CQ Press. Bonica, Adam. 2010. “Mapping the Ideological Marketplace: Unifying Ideological Measurement with Campaign Finance Records.” Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Political Methodology, Des
third would not be taxed, or just that two people care about the issue but the other does not. If it is that simple, there are six possible policy types, and the scenario would appear as in Table 2.1. Table 2.1 The game of politics PersonABC1FavorOpposeIndifferent2OpposeFavorIndifferentPolicy3OpposeIndifferentFavor4FavorIndifferentOppose5IndifferentFavorOppose6IndifferentOpposeFavor... Suppose these actors choose policy by majority rule. If they vote separately on each policy, and the people
well-defined policy proposal and the status quo. Although at times I will refer to these microfoundations, the model can be interpreted without them. The model simply detects the relationship between issues and an underlying ideological dimension. Responses to items – in this case, issues in the public debate – are the dependent variable. They are predicted by the latent trait – in this case, ideology – and parameters. More formally, each ijth article is a Bernoulli trial with a probability
self-described libertarian, and he wants to see as little regulation of business as possible. The right to privacy is a double-edged sword in this regard. Epstein does not stop there. Having determined that privacy is not always good for liberty, he turns to abortion. The right to privacy, as a legal concept, forms the basis for the Supreme Court’s decision in favor of a right to abortion in Roe v. Wade. Epstein concludes that abortion, too, is a case where the right to privacy is not in the