Politics Among Nations: The Struggle for Power and Peace
Hans J. Morgenthau
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Morgenthau seeks to develop a comprehensive theory of international politics, which he terms political realism. In contrast to idealism (which assumes the “essential goodness and infinite malleability of human nature and the ability of politics to live up to moral standards), realism assumes that the world is composed of opposing interests and conflict among them is inevitable. Realism is fundamentally concerned with power rather than morality or material interests. Morgenthau includes strong assumptions about human nature – humans are not naturally good and conflict is the natural outcome of the search for power, not of misunderstanding.