San Francisco's Twin Peaks (Images of America)
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Twin Peaks is located in the geographic center of San Francisco. These distinctive hills are not only recognizable landmarks with spectacular views, they also play a major role in the safety and security of San Franciscans. Towers on Christmas Tree Point provide communication support to the police and fire departments. Firmly constructed into the bedrock of Twin Peaks are three massive municipal reservoirs that supply gravity-pulled drinking water and water for fire fighting. Roads and a tunnel were built on, around, and through the peaks with the purpose of gaining easier access to the western parts of the city. Farms and homes appeared along Corbett Road, and new neighborhoods sprang up on the slopes of Twin Peaks: Midtown Terrace, the Crown, Graystone, Villa Terraces, and Clarendon Heights, on which stands the Sutro Tower.
reinforced bricks, and then constructed another building for his furniture workshop. This is a 1939 view of the Moffitt home. (Author’s collection.) The completed Moffitt home, now looking more like a Spanish castle, has incredible views of the city toward the north, east, and south. Edward Raymond Moffitt and his wife hiked all over Twin Peaks before 1920, searching for the spot with the best views. (Author’s collection.) 77 Paula, Pat, Babe, and Edward Moffitt stand outside their home on
high as 18,200. It is known that huge numbers of them died within the next 40 years from the ravages of European diseases and mistreatment. The Spanish landed in San Francisco Bay in 1769 after sailing up the coast from Monterey on orders from Gen. Juan Bautista de Anza. Under the leadership of Fr. Junipero Serra and Gov. Gaspar de Portola, they began converting natives to Christianity and worked on civilizing the natives. Missions were built up and down the state of California, then known as
Twin Peaks. Contents Acknowledgments 6 Introduction 7 1. The Views 11 2. There’s Water in “Them Thar Hills” 27 3. Traversing the Peaks 41 4. Settlers on the Peaks 71 5. The Terraces 87 6. Life on Twin Peaks 97 7. Make Big Plans 119 Acknowledgments It takes the support and input of several people and organizations to launch a book, and I am grateful for all the help I have received. The research into the history of Twin Peaks included many hours of
and Stockton Tunnels, the Municipal Railway System, and the 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition. (Courtesy private collection.) These construction workers stand at the base of the Twin Peaks Reservoir by the entrance to the reservoir tunnel in 1910. The 5,047-square-foot tunnel is used for maintenance and repair of the reservoir. The reservoir is the main part of the Auxiliary Water Supply System (AWSS) that would be capable of covering a city block (100,000 square feet) with 25 feet of
strips making up the pipe, would be small so that it would fit securely and be more watertight and stronger—similar to how a wood barrel is made. The pipe was then wrapped with steel or iron bands. (Courtesy private collection.) San Franciscans cross the peaks for the dedication of the new Twin Peaks Reservoir on May 12, 1912. Some carry flags, and many have picnic lunches with them. The opening was delayed by eight days because when one side was filled, it leaked. Using cement, sand, and