Securitization Theory: How Security Problems Emerge and Dissolve (PRIO New Security Studies)
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This volume aims to provide a new framework for the analysis of securitization processes, increasing our understanding of how security issues emerge, evolve and dissolve.
Securitisation theory has become one of the key components of security studies and IR courses in recent years, and this book represents the first attempt to provide an integrated and rigorous overview of securitization practices within a coherent framework. To do so, it organizes securitization around three core assumptions which make the theory applicable to empirical studies: the centrality of audience, the co-dependency of agency and context and the structuring force of the dispositif. These assumptions are then investigated through discourse analysis, process-tracing, ethnographic research, and content analysis and discussed in relation to extensive case studies.
This innovative new book will be of much interest to students of securitisation and critical security studies, as well as IR theory and sociology.
Thierry Balzacq is holder of the Tocqueville Chair on Security Policies and Professor at the University of Namur. He is Research Director at the University of Louvain and Associate Researcher at the Centre for European Studies at Sciences Po Paris.
directed against terrorist networks, Bush soon started to link terrorism and rogue states, giving the diffuse terrorist problematic a more clearly identifiable and state-centric frame. This also increased the perceived threat potential of both rogue states and terrorists with the threat henceforth appearing as a relational three-tier structure of nuclear proliferation, rogue state support and (nuclear) terrorism. As Bush pointed out in 2002: ‘Terror cells and outlaw regimes building weapons of
security utterances to a context. While the CS insists that the concept of security modifies the context by virtue of a successful application of the constitutive rules of a speech act (illocutionary act), I suggest, on the contrary, that to win an audience, security statements must, usually, be related to an external reality (Grace 1987: 48–49). Hence success, that is, the possibility of marshalling the assent of an audience (perlocutionary effect), rests with whether the historical conjuncture
the operation of public programs, what their roles are, and how they relate to each other’ (Ibid.:19). Third, the tools of securitization reconfigure what is called public action, the aim of which is to address issues identified as threats. Fourth and finally, tools embody a specific image of the threat and, to a large extent, what ought to be done about it (Balzacq et al. 2010). In this respect, EU Justice and Home Affairs databases, for example, do not only quantify but also categorize
and action are linked in two distinct ways. First, discourse is part of agency in that it instantiates a sphere of action wherein agents dealing with defined questions operate “agonistically.”32 This is the constitutive side of discursive action, which is another way of saying that through mutual knowledge, discourse shapes social relations and builds their form and content. Second, on the causative side, as vehicle of ideas, discourse targets and creates the instantiation of a particular
and set a target of 50 per cent of their 1986 levels by 1998–99, with a ten-year grace period for developing nations. A few months later new scientific evidence confirmed that the Antarctic phenomenon was likely related with CFCs and consensus mounted for a total phase-out. The Protocol was amended and strengthened at Conferences of the Parties in London (1990), Copenhagen (1992), and Vienna (1995). The number of controlled substances was increased from the original eight to over eighty. By 1995