Sepp Holzer's Permaculture: A Practical Guide to Small-Scale, Integrative Farming and Gardening--With information on mushroom cultivation, sowing a ... ways to keep livestock, and more...
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Sepp Holzer farms steep mountainsides in Austria 1,500 meters above sea level. His farm is an intricate network of terraces, raised beds, ponds, waterways and tracks, well covered with productive fruit trees and other vegetation, with the farmhouse neatly nestling amongst them. This is in dramatic contrast to his neighbors' spruce monocultures.
In this book, Holzer shares the skill and knowledge acquired over his lifetime. He covers every aspect of his farming methods, not just how to create a holistic system on the farm itself, but how to make a living from it. Holzer writes about everything from the overall concepts, down to the practical details.
In Sepp Holzer's Permaculture readers will learn:* How he sets up a permaculture system
* The fruit varieties he has found best for permaculture growing
* How to construct terraces, ponds, and waterways
* How to build shelters for animals and how to work with them on the land
* How to cultivate edible mushrooms in the garden and on the farm
* and much more!
Holzer offers a wealth of information for the gardener, smallholder or alternative farmer yet the book's greatest value is the attitudes it teaches. He reveals the thinking processes based on principles found in nature that create his productive systems. These can be applied anywhere.
strewn around all over the place, which naturally makes it very difficult to plant up later on and also increases the danger of landslides. • Working with Water In areas where there is little rain, I try to angle the terraces into the hill slightly to help retain water. When stabilising the terraces and securing them against heavy rainfall, it is important to make sure that their alignment will not channel the water, otherwise this will cause significant damage. With a loamy subsoil it is
on human care from the first day. They are `addicted' to regular fertilising and watering and they are susceptible to scab, fungus and frost. They are easily damaged by the wind or snow and they are vulnerable to `pests' of every kind. According to the rules of these conventional methods, cultivating fruit trees at high altitudes should not be possible at all. When I finished my training, I received a certificate to allow me to purchase the strongest poisons like parathion. We used these
distilling schnapps will also work well if the seeds can be separated after they have been heated. I leave this pomace to ferment for around four to five weeks and distribute it over the area. During the fermentation process the layers which naturally delay germination are broken down. This stratification greatly increases the seeds' chance for success. As the trees grow in their intended location from the start, they can best adapt themselves to the soil and climatic conditions. The diversity of
do a lot of research and make a convincing case. Using an excavator makes it possible to loosen the soil to a greater depth and to introduce biomass. Unwanted plant growth and roots can easily be removed and worked into the soil. The beneficial effects of this technique are long lasting and the area will not need to be dug over every year. Introducing these plants and roots increases the soil's capacity for water retention and therefore also improves the water balance. In addition to this, the
building from one flat to the next using a balcony as a climbing aid. On the balconies, troughs with soil can be prepared so that the plants can put down new roots (lead the plant into the trough, heap soil over it and possibly weigh it down with a stone). The plants will then draw fresh strength and nutrients from the soil and will grow from one storey to the next (in other words, the `bypass technique'). Each storey can be overseen and harvested by the people living there. In this way a