Surgical Atlas of Cardiac Anatomy
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This Atlas is illustrated with rich pictures of cardiac surgical specimens. It not only contains normal heart specimens but also dissects those specimens, taking pictures from various angles to create a three-dimensional representation. It also includes reviews of the specimens’ pathological reviews. Chapter 1 through 10 introduce the normal anatomy of the cardiac chambers and surgical approaches to the heart, while chapter 11 through 28 describe 18 kinds of congenital heart defects. There are a total of over 1,000 images and illustrations in this book, which will be of great interest not only to the surgeons, but also to the cardiologists, anaesthesiologists and surgical pathologists.
appendage, LV left ventricle, RA right atrium, RV right ventricle AO PA AO PA MV Fig. 1.8 3-D cross section of the heart. AO aorta, PA pulmonary artery, MV mitral valve LV RV MV 6 1 1.1.11 Interventricular Septum (Ventricular Septum) The interventricular septum is another wall just like the interatrial septum but thicker. It separates the left and right ventricles of the hearts (the lower chambers of the heart). Two atrioventricular valves, the MV and the tricuspid valve Cardiac
Cardiac Surgery, Fuwai Hospital. Moreover, we are indebted to Prof. Shizhen Zhong from the Chinese Academy of Engineering, who is a master in anatomy, has been supportive and helpful, and has provided photos of six specimens used in the book. The images in this book have been inspected and proofread many times. However, mistakes may still occur. The readers are invited to inform us in such case. Until now, only a few books on cardiac anatomy have been available in China, and even fewer provide
only one entrance and one outlet. The common entrance connects to the LV, and the common outlet connects to the RV. Both ends of the primitive ventricles move toward the middle line, while the ostium bulbi moves toward the left side. After also arriving at the middle line, the ostium bulbi rides above (the cranial end) both the ventricles. The atrioventricular ostium (the common entrance of the ventricles) truncus arteriosus General Considerations of Cardiac Embryology moves toward the right
the truncus develops. These two crests grow and meet the truncus to form the conotruncus septum. Hence, the single-chambered conotruncus is separated into two parallel tubes: the ascending aorta and the main pulmonary artery (from the right side to the left side). The conotruncus septum is composed of the distal truncus septum and the proximal conus septum. The proximal end of the truncus septum is very short. It and the endometrial tissue of the truncus together form two semilunar valves, the AV
the LV beneath the AV is large; together they function as a single ventricle. A common atrium is present due to deficiency of the atrial septum. AV aortic valve, LV left ventricle, RV right ventricle. (c) View of the heart from cephalic side. The large aorta, enormous common atrium behind the aorta, and the hypoplastic LV pulmonary artery, which has tiny lumen on the right of the aorta, are shown. The aorta and pulmonary artery are side by side. AO ascending aorta, PA pulmonary artery. (d)