Tanks of Hitler's Eastern Allies 1941-45 (New Vanguard)
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The titanic armor battles of the Russian Front are widely known, but the role of Germany's eastern allies is not as well known. Two of these countries, Romania and Hungary, manufactured their own tanks as well as purchasing tanks from Germany. These ranged from older, obsolete types such as the PzKpfw 35(t) all the way up to the latest and best German vehicles including the Tiger I and Hetzer. These tanks played a frequent role in the battles in southern Russia and Ukraine and were especially prominent in the disaster at Stalingrad where the Red Army specifically chose the weaker Romanian and Hungarian salients for their critical envelopment operation. This New Vanguard will provide a broad survey of the various and colorful tanks used. Besides covering the largest of these Axis tank forces, this book will cover the many smaller and lesser known forces including the Italian contingent in Russia, the Finnish armored force, and the small but interesting armored forces of the Russian Vlasov (RONA), Croatian, Bulgarian and Slovakian armies. This subject is seeing increasing interest in the modeling world; for example Tamiya recently announced a PzKpfw 35 (t) (suitable for Romanian, Slovak armies) a Finnish StuG III, and a Finnish BT-42.
to retreat and the Romanians were cut off. During the fighting that day, the Romanians lost 25 tanks but claimed 62 Soviet tanks destroyed. Over the course of the next few days, the division fought in desperate conditions. An attempt to link up with the 22.Panzer Division on November 22 cost 10 more tanks but claimed 65 more Soviet tanks. By the following day, the division was down to only 19 R-2 and 11 PzKpfw III and IV tanks. The Romanian tanks tried to escape over the Chir River, but many
very limited war aims during the “Continuation War,” and after Germany failed to win a decisive victory in the summer and autumn of 1941, Finland began to restrict its participation in the German attempts to seize Leningrad and the Soviet Arctic ports. On February 10, 1942, the tank force was reorganized into an expanded Armored Brigade (Ps.Pr.: Panssariprikaati) consisting of the 1st Armored Battalion with the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Armored Companies, and the 2nd Armored Battalion with the 4th and 5th
light tanks. It was deployed during the Operation Rouen antipartisan operation in the Kalnik Mountains northeast of Zagreb in July 1944. In the autumn of 1944, Germany provided Croat forces with a further 20 PzKpfw III Ausf. N, 10 PzKpfw IV Ausf. F1 and five PzKpfw IV Ausf. H, which were earmarked for the PTD. These took part in the fighting against the Red Army and Bulgarian Army in Croatia in 1945. RUSSIA Curiously enough, a number of Russian formations allied to the Wehrmacht had small tank
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16, 27, 30, 41 Fiat: 120hp (88 kW) 29 Praga: 160hp 31 WM Z-Turan: 260hp 14, 22 Tank guns: British: QF 4.5 inch Mark II howitzer 36, 37 Czechoslovak: A17 40mm 14; Skoda A3 37.2mm L/40 29 German: 37mm 16, 31; 88mm gun 20 Hungarian: 20mm MAVAG 36M 22; 40mm MAVAG 36M 22; 40mm MAVAG 41M 22; 75mm 15, 20, 40; 75mm 41M 14; 75mm MAVAG 43M 19; 105mm MAVAG 40/43 18, 19, 22 Italian: Semovente 47/32 41, 44 Soviet: 45mm tank gun 31, 31, 34, 34; 76mm ZIS-3 gun 30, 30, 31; 122mm obr. 04/30 howitzer 31; F-22