The A to Z of Renaissance Art (The A to Z Guide Series)
Lilian H. Zirpolo
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
The Renaissance era was launched in Italy and gradually spread to the Netherlands, Germany, Spain, France, and other parts of Europe and the New World, with figures like Robert Campin, Jan van Eyck, Rogier van der Weyden, Albrecht Dürer, and Albrecht Altdorfer. It was the era that produced some of the icons of civilization, including Leonardo da Vinci's Mona Lisa and Last Supper and Michelangelo's Sistine Ceiling, Pietà, and David. Marked as one of the greatest moments in history, the outburst of creativity of the era resulted in the most influential artistic revolution ever to have taken place. The period produced a substantial number of notable masters, among them Caravaggio, Donato Bramante, Donatello, El Greco, Filippo Brunelleschi, Masaccio, Sandro Botticelli, Raphael, Titian, and Tintoretto. The result was an outstanding number of exceptional works of art and architecture that pushed human potential to new heights.
The A to Z of Renaissance Art covers the years 1250 to 1648, the period most disciplines place as the Renaissance Era. A complete portrait of this remarkable period is depicted in this book through a chronology, an introductory essay, a bibliography, and over 500 hundred cross-referenced dictionary entries on major Renaissance painters, sculptors, architects, and patrons, as well as relevant historical figures and events, the foremost artistic centers, schools and periods, major themes and subjects, noteworthy commissions, technical processes, theoretical material, literary and philosophic sources for art, and art historical terminology.
1983. FRANCESCA, PIERO DELLA (c. 1406–1492). Italian painter born in Borgo San Sepolcro in the Tuscan region to a family of leather merchants. Piero della Francesca was not only an artist but also a mathematician, geometrician, and theorist. He authored two treatises, one on perspective and painting and the other on geometry. The details of his training as painter are not completely clear, though it is possible that he studied with Domenico Veneziano whom he assisted on the now-lost frescoes in
century, he and his brother, Cardinal Benedetto, had amassed a vast art collection that included approximately 600 paintings and 1,200 ancient sculptures. Giustiniani was also a writer whose essays on painting, sculpture, architecture, music, travel, and other topics were quite influential. In his expositions on painting, he was more democratic than Giovan Pietro Bellori when it came to assessing the merits of contemporary masters. While Bellori adulated the classicism of Annibale Carracci and
the central band are nine scenes from the Book of Genesis. Of these, three show God the Father creating the world, three portray scenes from the story of Adam and Eve, and three more are from the story of Noah. In rendering the ceiling, Michelangelo is known to have used about a dozen assistants, but mainly for the preparation stages. After that, he painted the frescoes almost entirely on his own, a gargantuan task considering that he included about 380 figures on a pictorial field that measures
he was crowned king of Naples. Clement V approved his appointment and in 1311 made him papal vicar of the Romagna to resist Emperor Henry VII’s invasion. In 1312, Robert was successful in impeding Henry’s occupation of Rome and, in the following year, he became the leader of the Guelf party in Florence against the emperor. Also known as Robert the Wise, D’Anjou was a major patron of the arts, his learned nature recorded by both Boccaccio and Petrarch. It was Robert who called Simone Martini to
ambassador. It is there that he met Raphael who in 1516 painted Castiglione’s famed portrait (Paris, Louvre). In 1524, Pope Clement VII sent Castiglione to Spain to the court of Charles V, but when in 1527 Charles’ troops sacked Rome and imprisoned the pope, the mortified Castiglione’s health deteriorated and he died in Toledo two years later. Written in the form of a philosophical discussion, Il cortegiano presents a portrayal of the court of Urbino and offers advice on the proper conduct of