The Anglosphere: A Genealogy of a Racialized Identity in International Relations
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
This book argues that the origins of the Anglosphere are racial. Drawing on theories of collective identity-formation and framing, the book develops a new framework for analyzing foreign policy, which it then evaluates in case studies related to fin-de-siècle imperialism (1894-1903), the ill-fated Pacific Pact (1950-1), the Suez crisis (1956), the Vietnam escalation (1964-5), and the run-up to the Iraq war (2002-3). Each case study highlights the contestations over state and empire, race and nation, and liberal internationalism and anti-Americanism, taking into consideration how they shaped international conflict and cooperation. In reconstructing the history of the Anglosphere, the book engages directly with the most recent debates in international relations scholarship and American foreign policy
(winter 1902–1903) is a U.S. intervention over the Anglo-German naval blockade of Venezuela. Less focused, but equally structured is my approach to two further cases: the SpanishAmerican War (1898) and the South African War (1899–1902). In the previous chapter, I suggested that international security constitutes a hard case for making the link between identity and cooperation. The challenge of this case study is compounded by the fact that the United States emerged as an actor in its
imperialism, and other macrohistorical processes, which imply that sovereign states are also historical and cultural nations bound by all kinds of discourses, institutions, and practices. The obvious ontological and theoretical home for the Anglosphere appears to lie in constructivism, particularly in its research agendas revolving around what is the anglosphere? 5 the concept of identity.5 Much of social life, constructivist argue, can be explained in terms of the relations between the Self
America; and why the Australian government should raise funds for the Australian American Memorial in Canberra.19 Australians and New Zealanders required no answers to these questions because the United States was the extension of their Self, at least in some contexts. The “American alliance,” or, as Spender used to call it, the “American guarantee,” was meaningless outside the contexts of the ANZAC relationship to communism and Asia. The communist Other was simultaneously external and internal.
centennial. As the historian José Igartua (2006) showed, this moment of Canadian history was marked by not one, but two “quiet revolutions,” one in Quebec and another in English Canada. Both were about identity. Quebec’s Quiet Revolution was hardly quiet. Text upon text surveyed for this chapter commented on the “unrest” or “changes” in Canada’s French-speaking province. From the perspective of “English Canada,” Quebec’s revolution was welcomed because it was liberalizing and secularizing a
time the enemy Other was France, as demonstrated by the dynamics of a small-scale Franco-American war of 1788–1800 (known as the “quasi-war,” “pirate war” or “half-war”).14 The military and paramilitary battles in the Atlantic that occurred over the French attempt to hurt Britain by harassing its commerce with the United States saw a great deal of seemingly spontaneous and effective Anglo-American cooperation against French warships. The same the anglosphere identity and its limitS 135