The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Political Thought (Cambridge Companions to the Ancient World)
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The Cambridge Companion to Greek Political Thought offers a guide to understanding the central texts and problems in ancient Greek political thought, from Homer through the Stoics and Epicureans. Composed of essays specially commissioned for this volume and written by leading scholars of classics, political science, and philosophy, the Companion brings these texts to life by analyzing what they have to tell us about the problems of political life. Focusing on texts by Homer, Herodotus, Thucydides, Plato, and Aristotle, among others, they examine perennial issues, including rights and virtues, democracy and the rule of law, community formation and maintenance, and the ways in which theorizing of several genres can and cannot assist political practice.
calculation.” See Waters 1971: 46 and 7: “A historian deals with events and with complexes of events, not with moral questions. . . . ” See also Lang 1984: 3. The term “alter ego” is applied to Solon by Redfield 1985: 102. 73 Cambridge Collections Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 Norma Thompson readers “to consider the broader similarities that link [different] contexts together.”15 Thus from the moment that Herodotus sets out the Solon-Croesus logos in Book 1, it is evident that its
Athenians were both rich in material goods and above them (2.40.1). His rhetoric seemed inspiring enough at the time, or was it the charismatic appeal of his own person?59 It appears that the Athenians needed a fuller account of themselves, stories that could be retold in earnest and in pride, especially during this time when the traditional narratives were faltering. Thucydides notes that everything changed with his successors: “More on a level with one another, and each grasping at supremacy,
to know the factuality of events so as to resist impulses for cultural romanticization and self-congratulation. The second is to respond to a knowledge of the facts in an appropriate way. To the degree that Thucydides’ History is an attempt to provide resources for both functions, it must be seen as more than simply a narrative of events as they have come to occur. It is, instead, a historia in its richer and more complicating sense, part of an ongoing and interactive investigation concerned with
Riddle of the Cleitophon.” Ancient Philosophy 4: 132–45. Salkever, S. G. 1993. “Socrates’ Aspasian Oration: The Play of Philosophy and Politics in Plato’s Menexenus.” American Political Science Review 87: 133–43. Saxonhouse, A. W. 1998. “Democracy, Equality, and Eidˆe: A Radical View from Book 8 of Plato’s Republic.” American Political Science Review 92: 273–83. Scott-Kilvert, I., trans. 1960. Plutarch: The Rise and Fall of Athens: Nine Greek Lives. New York. Villa, D. 2001. Socratic Citizenship.
political consequences. Solidarity among citizens will be fostered, rebellion and factionalism curtailed, and in general the individuals will come to understand their own interests as identical to those of the city. The second part of the lie is that all citizens were born with a certain metal in their souls. Some are gold, others silver, and the worst are bronze (or iron). In other words, the noble lie promulgates the view that the city has an unalterable, tripartite class structure. Once again,