The Colonizer and the Colonized
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First published in English in 1965, this timeless classic explores the psychological effects of colonialism on colonized and colonizers alike.
identify his future with that of the colonized . Politically, who is he? Is he not an expression of himself, of a negligible force in the varied conflicts within colonialism? His political desires will suffer from a flaw inherent in his own anomalous position . If he attempts to begin a political group, he will interest only those who are already leftist colonizers, or other misplaced Portrait of the Colonizer 86 The colonizer who refuses 87 heretics . He will never succeed in attracting
privileges and respect is only justice ; colonization is legitimate in every sense and with all its consequences . Furthermore, since servitude is part of the nature of the colonized, and domination part of his own, there will be no denouement . To the delights of rewarded virtue he adds the necessity of natural laws . between colonizer and colonized, a sine qua non of colonial life, but it also lays the foundation for the immutability of this life. The racist tone of each move of both the
natural death of colonized literature ; the following generations, born in liberty, will write spontaneously in their newly found language . Without waiting that long, a second possibility can tempt the writer ; to decide to join the literature of the mother country . Let us leave aside the ethical problems raised by such an attitude . It is the suicide of colonized literature ; in either prospect (the only difference being in the date) colonized literature in European languages appears condemned
can wait a long time to live . But, regardless of how soon or how violently the colonized rejects his situation, he will one day begin to overthrow his unlivable existence with the whole force of his oppressed personality . The two historically possible solutions are then tried in succession or simultaneously . He attempts either to become different or to reconquer all the dimensions which colonization tore away from him . The first attempt of the colonized is to change his condition by changing
colonizer is surprised by this unnecessary challenge which is more costly in the long run to the colonized than to the colonizer . Why not go on using Western languages to describe motors or teach abstract subjects? Again, there exist other urgent matters for the colonized besides mathematics and philosophy and even technology . To this self-rediscovery movement of an entire people must be returned the most appropriate tool ; that which finds the shortest path to its soul, because it comes