The Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film
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The Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film is a fully international reference work on the history of the documentary film from the Lumière brothers' Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory (1885) to Michael Moore's Fahrenheit 911 (2004).
Previously published in three volumes, entries have been edited and updated for the new, concise edition and three new entries have been added on: India, China and Africa.
The Concise Routledge Encyclopedia of the Documentary Film:
- Discusses individual films and filmmakers including little-known filmmakers from countries such as India, Bosnia, China and others
- Examines the documentary filmmaking traditions within nations and regions, or within historical periods in places such as Iran, Brazil, Portugal, and Japan
- Explores themes, issues, and representations in documentary film including human rights, modernism, homosexuality, and World War I, as well as types of documentary film such as newsreels and educational films
- Elaborates on production companies, organizations, festivals, and institutions such as the American Film Institute, Ceylon Tea Propaganda Board, Hot Docs (Toronto), and the World Union of Documentary
- Describes styles, techniques, and technical issues such as animation, computer imaging, editing techniques, IMAX, music, and spoken commentary
Bringing together all aspects of documentary film, this accessible concise edition provides an invaluable resource for both scholars and students. With film stills from key films, this resource provides the decisive entry point into the history of an art form.
Chronique d’un été/Chronicle of a Summer self-consciously proclaimed its novelty: ‘this film was not played by actors, but lived by men and women who have given a few moments of their lives to a new experiment in cinéma vérité’. The film has since been celebrated as a turning point in the history of the documentary ilm. A joint project of sociologist Edgar Morin and ilmmaker Jean Rouch, Chronique d’un été was conceived as a query into how Parisians lived their lives. Taking advantage of a newly
distribution. In 2000 the public TV network partially took over from the Films Division and commissioned small-budget films under the banner of the Public Service Broadcasting Trust, but suggested conventional themes and aesthetics. Independent doc-umentarians responded by taking action to emancipate themselves from government guardianship. In 2004 when the Mumbai International Film Festival (MIFF) rejected documentaries that were denied their official censorship certificate, filmmakers
not only industrial and commercial spectacle, but social truth as well’ (Grierson, 1966: 215). Housing Problems convinced Anstey of the power of documentary, and he followed it with Enough to Eat? (1936), an examination of the problem of malnutrition. Pushing for social change, Anstey claimed that the film was a contribution to ongoing national research on nutrition and nutritional issues. Its success can be attributed to the media coverage it received, rather than the quality of the filmmaking
intimacy. His Ju/’honasi mentor and namesake taught him how to use social space and to value specificity and truth-telling (Marshall 1993). Forced to leave Southwest Africa in 1958 (and prevented from returning for twenty years), Marshall returned to the United States, where he studied anthropology and formed associations with Richard Leacock and D.A. Pennebaker, pioneers in the then-nascent direct cinema movement. Marshall joined another emerging central figure in documentary, Frederick
Österreichische Produktivitätszentrum (OEPZ, Austrian Center for Productivity), founded in the spring of 1950, is a direct outcome of the American reconstruction program. The OEPZ ‘film office’ section was established in 1951 on the initiative of the US administration, in line with the ‘technical assistance’ to effectively disseminate the pedagogy of ‘productive managing and working’ among the Austrian population. The ‘Marshall Films’, distributed by the OEPZ, promulgated a capitalistic Europe