The Falklands 1982: Ground operations in the South Atlantic (Campaign)
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On the night of 1-2 April 1982, the Argentinian Junta led by Gen. Leopoldo Galtieri made its move against the Falkland Islands. On 3 April British Prime Minister Mrs. Margaret Thatcher faced an appalled and furious House of Commons to announce that Argentine armed forces had landed on British sovereign territory; had captured the men of Royal Marine detachment NP8901; had run up the Argentine flag at Government House; and had declared the islands and their population to be Argentine. An immediate response was required and a task force was rapidly assembled to head into the South Atlantic and retake the islands. From this point until the Argentine surrender on 14 June, the British forces fought what was in many ways a 19th-century style colonial campaign at the end of extended supply lines some 8,000 miles from home. This volume will detail the major stages of the land campaign to retake the islands, focusing on the San Carlos landings, the battle for Darwin and Goose Green, and the final battles for Mt Longdon, Tumbledown and Wireless Ridge, the mountains that surrounded the island's capital, Stanley.
corps. With Moore’s appearance Thompson passed to him control over all land forces. After a rapid shift of command, Thompson shifted the headquarters of 3 Commando Brigade to Teal Inlet, which allowed him to transfer close to his troops. Moore, for his part, found himself assuming command under very favourable circumstances. The British controlled a secure base at San Carlos and 2 Para had achieved remarkable success at Goose Green. Moore soon reorganized his troops: 2 Para and 29 Battery, which
20 or 30 yards at a time, clearing a position and moving on. 66 © Osprey Publishing • www.ospreypublishing.com But then artillery came thundering down: So we all ran down to the left-hand side into some rocks, and that was a disastrous mistake because we ran right into very concentrated Argentinian artillery fire. That really was quite frightening, horrifically frightening because it’s totally impersonal, you’ve got no control over it, you feel particularly helpless – it’s mindless. It’s just
snipers, heavy machine guns, mortars and artillery. LEFT Soldiers of 1/7 Gurkhas unloading a Chinook. The Gurkhas, part of the regular establishment of the British Army, are tough, hardy, highly trained soldiers from Nepal. They were severely disappointed not to play a more active role in operations, which for them consisted only of clearing a few Argentines from Lafonia and occupying Mt William after the defenders had fled. (Mary Evans Picture Library, 10097144) RIGHT Major-General Jeremy
Commander, HarperCollins (2010) 94 © Osprey Publishing • www.ospreypublishing.com INDEX References to illustrations are shown in bold. aircraft (Argentine) C-130 Hercules transport aircraft 53 Mentor fighter aircraft 23, 36 Pucará fighter aircraft 23, 36, 37, 43 Skyhawk aircraft 43, 75 Skyvan aircraft 36 Tracker anti-submarine aircraft 23 aircraft (British) 54 Chinook helicopters 38, 39, 50, 52, 53, 56, 79 Gazelle helicopters 37 Lynx helicopters 30, 31, 39 Scout helicopters 39, 43, 53 Sea
A. Wilson 2nd Battalion The Scots Guards 1st Battalion The Welsh Guards 2nd Battalion The Parachute Regiment 1st Battalion 7th Gurkha Rifles 4 Field Regiment, RA 2 Troops, 32 Guided Weapons Regiment, RA 20 © Osprey Publishing • www.ospreypublishing.com Note: A study devoted exclusively to land operations cannot ignore the role played by warships and aircraft, particularly in an expeditionary operation of this kind which decisively depended upon support by air and sea. While the nature and