The First Ten Books (Penguin Great Ideas)
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Throughout history, some books have changed the world. They have transformed the way we see ourselves - and each other. They have inspired debate, dissent, war and revolution. They have enlightened, outraged, provoked and comforted. They have enriched lives - and destroyed them. Now Penguin brings you the works of the great thinkers, pioneers, radicals and visionaries whose ideas shook civilization and helped make us who we are.
Perhaps the most widely read thinker of all time, Confucius transformed Chinese philosophy with his belief that the greatest goal in life was pursuit of 'The Way': a search for virtue not as a means to rewards in this world or the next, but as the pinnacle of human existence.
lord gave a gift of cooked food, the first thing he invariably did was to taste it after having adjusted his mat. When his lord gave him a gift of uncooked food, he invariably cooked it and offered it to the ancestors. When his lord gave him a gift of a live animal, he invariably reared it. At the table of his lord, when his lord had made an offering before the meal he invariably started with the rice first. 19. During an illness, when his lord paid him a visit, he would lie with his head to the
Master said, ‘Ssu, only with a man like you can one discuss the Odes. Tell such a man something and he can see its relevance to what he has not been told.’ The Master said, ‘It is not the failure of others to appreciate your abilities that should trouble you, but rather your failure to appreciate theirs.’ Book II 1. The Master said, ‘The rule of virtue can be compared to the Pole Star which commands the homage of the multitude of stars without leaving its place.’ 2. The Master said, ‘The Odes
solemnity of sacrificial meat – he did not bow to the ground. 24. When in bed, he did not lie like a corpse, nor did he sit in the formal manner of a guest when by himself. 25. When he met a bereaved person in mourning dress, even though it was someone he was on familiar terms with, he invariably assumed a solemn expression. When he met someone wearing a ceremonial cap or someone blind, even though they were well-known to him, he invariably showed them respect. On passing a person dressed as a
his lord; in caring for the common people, he was generous and, in employing their services, he was just. 17. The Master said, ‘Yen P‘ing-chung excelled in friendship: even after long acquaintance he treated his friends with reverence.’ 18. The Master said, ‘When housing his great tortoise, Tsang Wen-chung had the capitals of the pillars carved in the shape of hills and the rafterposts painted in a duckweed design. What is one to think of his intelligence?’ 19. Tzu-chang asked, ‘Ling Yin*
said, ‘The gentleman widely versed in culture but brought back to essentials by the rites can, I suppose, be relied upon not to turn against what he stood for.’ 28. The Master went to see Nan Tzu.* Tzu-lu was displeased. The Master swore, ‘If I have done anything improper, may Heaven’s curse be on me, may Heaven’s curse be on me!’ 29. The Master said, ‘Supreme indeed is the Mean as a moral virtue. It has been rare among the common people for quite a long time.’ 30. Tzu-kung said, ‘If there