The Nazi Germany Sourcebook: An Anthology of Texts
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The Nazi Germany Sourcebook is an exciting new collection of documents on the origins, rise, course and consequences of National Socialism, the Third Reich, the Second World War, and the Holocaust.
Packed full of both official and private papers from the perspectives of perpetrators and victims, these sources offer a revealing insight into why Nazism came into being, its extraordinary popularity in the 1930s, how it affected the lives of people, and what it means to us today.
This carefully edited series of 148 documents, drawn from 1850 to 2000, covers the pre-history and aftermath of Nazism:
* the ideological roots of Nazism, and the First World War
* the Weimar Republic
* the consolidation of Nazi power
* Hitler's motives, aims and preparation for war
* the Second World War
* the Holocaust
* the Cold War and recent historical debates.
The Nazi Germany Sourcebook focuses on key areas of study, helping students to understand and critically evaluate this extraordinary historical episode:
44 THE WEIMAR REPUBLIC, 1919–33 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9a Proclamation of the Workers’ and Soldiers’ Council in Kiel, 7 November 1918 Proclamation of the Council of People’s Representatives to the German People, 12 November 1918 Alfred Rosenberg, “The Russian-Jewish Revolution,” February 1919 The Treaty of Versailles, 28 June 1919 The Constitution of the German Reich, 11 August 1919 The program of the NSDAP Proclamation of Director General Wolfgang Kapp as Chancellor of the Reich
possessed nothing except a table, a couple of chairs, and perhaps a bed of straw on which to lie down … Such conditions have to be faced squarely, their origins must be discovered, and they must be remedied. They are caused by the present form of business life, by large industry in combination with free competition, by the alternation of boom and bust which occur at ever shorter intervals and which harm no one more than the working class … If such conditions were really unavoidable, if all the
WORLD WAR 37 The German government’s efforts to use them in English translation for propaganda purposes in England and the US backfired when the British government issued an official version under the title The Ravings of a Renegade, from which the excerpt below is taken. Chamberlain’s pamphlets are of historical interest, however, because they do convey with some accuracy the ideological consensus in Germany. Most educated Germans would have agreed that true freedom lay not in political rights
nationalist movement above the partisan fray presaged similar ambitions by the Nazis after the war. 44 THE NAZI GERMANY SOURCEBOOK 1.14 Founding Proclamation of the German Fatherland Party, 2 September 1917 Broad sectors of the German nation do not agree with the position of the current Reichstag majority on the most vital issues facing the fatherland. They see the attempt to provoke quarrels over constitutional questions and to focus public attention on them just now, when the fate of the
the two-thirds majority required to legally change the constitution. The Nazis also launched a campaign of violent persecution against political opponents on the left, particularly leaders and functionaries of the Communist and Social Democratic Parties (Doc. 3.4). The fire that destroyed the interior of the Reichstag building in Berlin on the night of 27 February 1933, in the last week of the election campaign, gave the Nazis the opportunity to suspend civil liberties and and repress the