The Real World of Technology (CBC Massey Lectures series) Revised Edition
Ursula M. Franklin
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or the careful analysis and timing of the tasks bodies could perform, usually in unison. Foucault reminds us that in the course of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the disciplines of exercise, training, and work became, in general, the prescriptions for domination. Let me quote directly from Foucault. The human body was entering a machinery of power that explores it, breaks it down and rearranges it. A “political anatomy” was being born ... it defined how one may have a hold over
techniques to separate sound from its source and — as part of the same technology — to recombine and create sound, whose origin can be no longer identified by the listener.5 The ability to transmit images — by means of digitizing them — and to recombine the transmitted bits permits us to send messages containing text, sound, and images to those who are technically equipped to receive them. Finally, and maybe most importantly, the new electronic technologies — into which I count computers and
on Investment (MAI) illustrate the tug of power between the horizontal and the vertical forces. The changes in the Canadian tax system provide a further illustration of the effect of the horizontal and the vertical forces on the governance of our country. In 1955, 43 percent of the income tax collected by the governments of Canada came from corporations, the rest from personal income taxes. In 1995 the corporations” share was 11 percent.2From the point of view of the government, the rationale
in Royal Society of Canada Proceedings and Transactions, 4th series, 12:59-67, 1974. 4. The quoted definition is from Kenneth E. Boulding, “Technology and the changing social order,” in David Popenoe, ed., The Urban-Industrial Frontier (New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1969). See also Kenneth E. Boulding, The Image (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1956); Kenneth E. Boulding and L. Senesh, eds., The Optimum Utilization of Knowledge (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1983); R. P.
T. Wilson, Retreat from Governance (Hull, QC: Voyageur Publishing, 1989). 14. For details see note 13 (above), and, for instance, Tony Clarke, Silent Coup (Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives and Lorimer, 1998). For more global and philsophical perspectives see Maria Mies, and Vandana Shiva, Ecofeminism (London and New Jersey: Zen Books, 1993). Coda 1. Gregory Albo and Chris Roberts, “The MAI and the world economy” in Dismantling Democracy: The Multilateral Agreement on Investment