The Rise of Post-Hegemonic Regionalism: The Case of Latin America (United Nations University Series on Regionalism)
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This book offers a timely analysis, and a novel and nuanced argument about post-neoliberal models of regional governance in non-European contexts. It provides the first in-depth, empirically-driven analysis of current models of regional governance in Latin America that emerged out of the crisis of liberalism in the region. It contributes to comparative studies of the contemporary global political economy as it advances current literature on the topic by analysing distinctive, overlapping and conflicting trajectories of regionalism in Latin America. The book critically explores models of transformative regionalism and specific dimensions articulating those models beyond neoliberal consensus-building. As such it contests the overstated case of integration as converging towards global capitalism. It provides an analytical framework that not only examines the 'what, how, who and why' in the emergence of a specific form of regionalism but sets the ground for addressing two relevant questions that will push the study of regionalism further: What factors enable or constrain how transformative a given regionalism is (or can be) with respect to the powers and policies of states encompassed by it? and: What factors govern how resilient a given regionalism is likely to be under changing political and economic conditions?
integration, based on principles other than those of the commercialist and neoliberal rationale followed by prior programs, in practice it still remains, at least up to this date, an interstate cooperation initiative. And more precisely, an 29 Cf. Declaración Política del Consejo de Movimientos Sociales del ALBA-TCP, http://www. cubainformacion.tv, 30 de enero de 2008, and http://economiasocialista.blogspot.com 30 Manifiesto General de la Primera Cumbre de Consejos de Movimientos Sociales del
250–282). New York: Oxford University Press. Hurrell, A. (2005). Hegemony and regional governance. In L. Fawcett & M. Serrano (Eds.), Regionalism and governance in the Americas: Continental drift (pp. 185–208). Basingstoke: Palgrave/Macmillan. Icaza, R., Newell, P., & Saguier, M. (2009). Democratising trade politics in the Americas: Insights from the women’s, environment, and labour movements. Working Paper No. 328, Institute of Development Studies, June. Ikenberry, J. (2001). American power and
opportunities for dissent and strategies that may challenge the regionalglobal liberalization relationship. This becomes a pressing dilemma in a period of rapid transformation of regional policies where political and economic circumstances that gave substance to new regionalism in the 1980s and 1990s—as a project and an approach—do not hold so firmly any longer. As a number of social and political interlinkages are reflecting a new sense of purpose in Latin America, perhaps the most significant
vice-president José Sarney was sworn in because Neves was ill. He later died on April 21, and Sarney became president. CONSISTENCY AND RESILIENCE 57 historical periods when Argentina and Brazil have shared a common conception of their common interests have been very rare. In that sense, the capacity of their presidents to set common goals does not take root in a long historical tradition, as in the case of Central America for instance. Despite this initial role of presidentialism as a
concept of ‘new regionalism’ to reflect regional transformations in an increasingly globalized world. New Regionalism as an approach has captured the intellectual imagination of scholars concerned with regionalism beyond neofunctionalist understandings of integration based on EU studies (Rosamond and Warleigh-Lack 2010). The evolution of the theoretical debate about regionalism since the 1980s has been driven by a proliferation of regional cooperation agreements that, unlike the previous