Trekking the Shore: Changing Coastlines and the Antiquity of Coastal Settlement
Nuno F. Bicho, Jonathan A. Haws, Loren G. Davis
Format: PDF / Kindle (mobi) / ePub
Human settlement has often centered around coastal areas and waterways. Until recently, however, archaeologists believed that marine economies did not develop until the end of the Pleistocene, when the archaeological record begins to have evidence of marine life as part of the human diet. This has long been interpreted as a postglacial adaptation, due to the rise in sea level and subsequent decrease in terrestrial resources. Coastal resources, particularly mollusks, were viewed as fallback resources, which people resorted to only when terrestrial resources were scarce, included only as part of a more complex diet.
Recent research has significantly altered this understanding, known as the Broad Spectrum Revolution (BSR) model. The contributions to this volume revise the BSR model, with evidence that coastal resources were an important part of human economies and subsistence much earlier than previously thought, and even the main focus of diets for some Pleistocene and early Holocene hunter-gatherer societies.
With evidence from North and South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, and Australia, this volume comprehensively lends a new understanding to coastal settlement from the Middle Paleolithic to the Middle Holocene.
aspect of coastal migration is correct, then the northeastern Pacific coast is a critical area of archaeological concern (Fladmark 1979; Gruhn 1988; Dixon 1999; Erlandson 2002; Mandryk et al. 2001; Goebel et al. 2008); however, at this time, we possess no knowledge about North American Pacific coastal sites dating between 12,400 and 10,700 RCYBP (14,500–12,800 cal BP) – the period contemporaneous with the earliest evidence of New World human occupation. The North American Paleocoastal concept has
Pacific should always be highly productive and were somehow exempt from the environmental perturbations seen in contemporaneous terrestrial records is a myth that has been destroyed here. Having made progress toward attaining a more detailed understanding of late Quatenary paleoceanographic conditions of the northeastern Pacific Rim, it is only natural to raise questions about the utility of the North American Paleocoastal concept, which is based on sites with dated evidence that resides in the
Early Environments and Archaeology of Coastal British Columbia 85 c oupled to a fine-grained knowledge of the land surface, and targeting of suitable elevations, some of them well inland, was made possible (McLaren 2008; Martindale et al. 2009). Among the archaeological sites found were several shell middens in raised beach contexts dating to the middle Holocene and, in particular, the site at Far West Point with basal dates to 9,690 RCYBP (McLaren 2008). The elevations of all radiocarbon
to prove the high importance of salmonfishing in development of ancient technologies (stone, clay, organic), in the origin of semisettled way of life and early complex societies, in the invention of water transport, in the intensity of distant migrations, in specific forms of art and rituals (Tabarev 2001, 2003, 2006, 2007). Cultural Chronology of the Russian Far East A huge territory of Northeast Asia called the “Russian Far East” includes several big geographical regions – the Amur Region
et al. “An early Holocene/late Pleistocene archaeological site on the Oregon coast? Comments on Hall et al. (2005).” Radiocarbon 48(3):1–4. Des Lauriers, M. 2006. Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene Occupations of Isla de Cedros, Baja California, Mexico. Journal of Island and Coastal Archaeology 1:1–16. Erlandson, J.M. 2009. Contextual and chronological hygiene in interpreting Paleocoastal sites of North America’s Pacific Coast. Quaternary Science Reviews 28(23–24):2539–2541.