Twelve Inventions Which Changed America: The Influence of Technology on American Culture
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This book describes twelve inventions that transformed the United States from a rural and small-town community to an industrial country of unprecedented power. These inventions demonstrate that no one person is ever responsible for technological advances and that the culture produces a number of people who work together to create each new invention. The book also shows the influences of technology on society and examines the beliefs and attitudes of those who partake in technological advances. The book is both a sociological analysis and a history of technology in the United States in the past two hundred years.
States, vol. XI, Mines and Quarries, 1913), pp. 258 and 260. 42. Morton S. Baratz, The Union and the Coal Industry, (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983), pp. 45, 78, 80. 43. Jiri Marek, “Marxism as Product of the Age of the Steam Engine,” Studies in Soviet Thought, vol. 32, no.2, (August 1986), pp. 155-161. 44. B. Leigh Hutchins and Amy Harrison, A History of Factory Legislation, (London: Routledge, 1903), p. 34. 45. David Keyes, “Industrial Revolution was Powered by Child Slaves,” The
outset of the 21st century the average American eats about 200 pounds of meat, 33 pounds of cheese, and 60 pounds of other fats and oils each year. A century earlier, Americans ate only 125 pounds of meat a year. Prior to that, meat was served twice a week in American households. As a result of this increase in consuming proteins, Americans have grown taller and heavier in one century.7 In 1800 the average height of American men was 68.1 inches. In 1930 this had increased to 69.2 inches, and by
largest of these. In the 1830’s, a number of locomotives were still imported from England, but by then Baldwin was producing about 45 percent of all American locomotives. The cost of locomotives in the 19th century seems unbelievably low when judged from the 21st century. Between 1834 and 1836, the price of a locomotive ranged between $6,317 and $6,400. That price was raised to $7,000 in 1837, where it remained for some time.7 It was in 1837 that the United States suffered a major recession,
18. Alan Gilbert, The Mega-city in Latin America, New York: United Nations University Press, (2000). 19. Bureau of Labor Statistics, “Occupational Employment and Wages,” Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, (May 2009). 20. James Jay Fink, The Car Culture, (Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 1975), p.38. 21. Michael F. Thompson, “Employment and Growth in the U.S. Automotive Manufacturing Industry,” Indiana Business Review, vol. 85, no.1, (Spring 2010), p. 4. 22. John F. Stover,
States has been genetically modified to resist some herbicides or make plants unpalatable to insects. This means that United States producers use genetically modified seeds on 109 million acres. Europeans generally do not use genetically modified seeds because they believe the food grown from these seeds is unhealthy for consumers.48 Ever since colonial days, American farmers have depended on exports as an outlet for their surplus production. Exports lagged only during the Great Depression of